Mediterranean landscape design. How does it differ from Italian or Tuscan style?
The Mediterranean is represented by lush vegetation: luxurious palms, evergreen exotic plants with large leaves and bright flowers. Everything in the Mediterranean is designed to relax and cast pleasant emotions over you.
Summer houses, twined by climbing roses, fountains, wonderful antique vases with flowers, hammocks. Here you can also see grassy glades. The walks in the garden can be graveled or covered with paving tile in ancient Greek style. Short grass looks good between the slabs. The essential component of Mediterranean style is an olive tree.
All over the world, gardens in oriental style are extremely popular.
Gardens in Chinese Style.
The art of landscape design in the East differs from European style. Chinese philosophy considers the whole world, from plant to man, to be in universal harmony. Everything is initially perfect and wonderful. A human being should respect nature, derive strength from it to achieve perfection. The lot of land should be of a regular form. The essence of garden is perfect look of nature. In China, mountains, dense forests with rivers and rivulets had an impact on landscape design of the gardens.
The main feature of Chinese style is uneven surface of the garden. There are hills and lowlands. Curved reservoirs and rivulets, clothed in stones cross the area. Beautifully blooming shrubs grow among decorative stone formations bending their branches to the water. Rocky paths twist and go through the boulders. Small arched bridges naturally fit into the landscape. Open type gazebos in Chinese style with elegant garden furniture made of dark wood and partly glazed are placed in some places within the garden. These gazebos are used for special occasions such as: official receptions, contemplation and meditation. Pots with azaleas made of blue or milky porcelain are placed there as well. Such gazebos are usually built or set near the water. One of mandatory attributes of the pond is the presence of the red carp fish.
These beautiful bright red fish swim right at the surface of the water. Their backs turn into fiery gleam in the sun. The whole water surface is lit like a bright flame. The paths around the gazebo have low wooden or metal fences leading to the pond. Sometimes little mandarin ducks are used to populate and add to the beauty of the the pond. Individual sculptures of animals such as cranes, turtles, and pairs of ducks symbolizing different aspects of philosophy placed along the paths, according to the designer's idea. The brilliant splendor of flowering is absent in Chinese style. Everything here possesses the natural harmony. Here and there some azalea or magnolia bushes are placed. Gardens in Chinese style are planned in such a way not allowing us to determine their size. They symbolize the basic elements of Chinese philosophy: fire, water, earth, wood and metal. A garden in Chinese style is the continuation of his owner.
Japanese style of landscape design has evolved from the Chinese style. It had inherited the same core philosophy, the same love and admiration of nature. However, size wise they are much smaller spaces of more enclosed form. They are austere and contribute to reconciliation and contemplation.
Small sizes of gardens entailed breeding pygmean breeds of trees and bushes. This style recreates the grandeur of nature in the miniature forms.
The coloring of Japanese garden is nicely balanced. Various tints of green and grey-blue being used. There can appear dark-maroon tones in separate spots. Most widespread trees in Japanese gardens include: Wiping Pine, Japanese Red Pine, Japanese Cherry Tree, Azaleas, various Ferns. Layers of evergreen shrubs, azalea bushes mixed with large stones along the banks of a reservoir and on the open space. Cedar Elfin Wood known as Pygmean Pine is absolutely extraordinary. Everything in Japanese style garden is proportional, every composition stands out by its restrained beauty and is balanced with the other spaces. Small summerhouses made as pagodas, stone or ceramic stylized torches giving the garden a cozy view. Water is an important element of Japanese style landscape design. It can be represented as a reservoir or a rivulet, a small cascade or even dried rivulet. The dried rivulet is made of small smooth pebbles as a dried up channel with elements of small stones. The cascades are made of white stones, as a symbol of waterfalls.
You can also create very small gardens called mono-gardens. They bear single particular theme such as “a garden of stone” or “a garden of moss”. However, every landscape in Japanese style represents a small model of the Universe. These philosophical meanings of garden styles in Japan and China represents a specific phenomenon and character of oriental landscape design.