Since ancient times, people have tried to express their attitude towards nature and the world through their works. Once, the gardens were created for household needs. Gradually gardens were transformed into an art, emphasizing the person's status in society. There are different styles of landscape design.
Formal styles of landscape design of gardens
Formal garden design style what does it express? It embodies the idea of the superiority of beauty created by man over a creation of nature. This is so-calledFrench style of landscape design. Beautiful gardens of this style are: Versailles, Fontainebleau, Chantilly, they were created by André Le Nôtre for the Sun King Louis XIV in the 17th century.
Then, this style has migrated to England. It was introduced there by St. James Park in Westminster. This style mostly used in large gardens and in the quiet, smooth landscapes. It expresses solemnity, grandeur, and majesty. Such garden can be a great addition to a large luxury house. It will emphasize the value of your family estate.
The main features of a formal style:
The central part is the house itself.
A symmetrical garden with perfectly smooth straight paths of white or colored gravel is surrounding the house.
The stalls or open space in front of the house is often decorated with a complex ornament of flowers of the same height of perfectly trimmed lawns.
The geometrical pattern of the garden is laid out with clipped evergreen shrubs.
Major elements of clipped topiary created in the form of cones, pyramids, spheres, spirals. They arranged symmetrically along the paths, ponds, arbors.
Ponds have a correct geometric shape, framed by stone slabs. In the middle of a pond can be installed a marble fountain.
Statues made of marble or bronze placed evently around the garden. The main rule of a formal garden style is to balance the size of architectural forms in your garden. The golden rule is: better less, than more, and it works all the time.
Italian garden style
What is typical about it? It contains many of the features of a formal style. However, it’s a little closer tolandscape style gardens. Important details of the garden are sculptures. Ever since the Roman gardens were decorated withstatuesof the patricians of the greatest Italian sculptors. In the garden there growevergreen and coniferous trees. Trimming of decorated shrubs and trees transforms into a true art. The main motive of the Italian-style is a ball and a cube.Patio is built on an eminence by the motive of the small Italian courtyard and isadjacent to the house. Italian style complements the secludedgrottoesand fountains.
Tuscan style is similar to Italian.
It has originated in the South of Italy. It’s dominated by trends of therural simplicity. This style is tend to have afountain rimmed by terra cotta tiles. Paths can be laid out by the fountain, which is perfectly combined with pots ofevergreen topiary.Evergreen treesare mainly those which inhabit southern Italy. SilverSantolina bushes, lush blossoms pelargoniumlook great in the frieze. Herbs are often planted as well. The rays of the scorching sun fill the garden with an exceptional aroma.
This trend in the formal style of garden design is intended for small-sized garden lots. For this style, a mild climate is required. You can apply a huge range of flowering plants. In the Dutch yards perennial plants, often conifers and evergreen are used. Given the small size of the area of the lot for the Dutch garden, dwarf ornamental trees are planted as well. Bulbous plants are selected for cultivation so that it looks as if the garden is blooming all season. Cream, blue, white violet Camassa plants are planted especially often. Camassa is a large bulbous plant that grows up to 80 cm.
In Dutch-style, most of the patio isby all means covered with tiles and fine gravel. On such grounds and pathcontainers and vases with flowersare set. This is very practical, because it requires no weed control.
Ground of the garden includes a lawn and a flowerbed of bulbous plants, which the Netherlands are famous for in garden design.
The inner courtyard has a very neat look. It can be used for thecultivation of vegetables and fruit trees, which are known for productivity. The paths are framed with vegetable crops sometimes. Ancillary buildings are hidden from the prying eyes with flowering vines.
Small shapes are also a choice of interest as design element. These are toy houses, mills, garden shelves.
Dutch style creates a sense of privacy and comfort in a small cottage.