Speaking of the creation of the rock garden, let’s refer to the philosophy of the symbolism behind Japanese gardens. What is it related to and what do the stones in a rock garden mean?
It has been considered in Japan, since ancient times, that the stones are flawless and sacred. Gods are present wherever there’s a stone conglomeration. Step by step, under the influence of Buddhism, the ideas about gardens as a center of the universe, where a stone was the main symbol of spirituality and its essence, were formed. A rock garden inspires concentration in a person and a perception of the world the way he or she perceives it. Stones in a garden play an associative role when they are contemplated. The role of stone in the culture of Japanese people is considerable, which is why the color, position, quantity, and size of stones play an enormous role during the creation of a rock garden.
What should be taken into account when choosing stones for garden:
1. The size of the stones should correspond to the size of the garden itself.
2. Choosing only a few stones, and using one kind of stone and color.
3. The quantity of the stones in the garden should be odd and depend on the size of the chosen stones.
4. Stones in a garden should be coordinated by the garden’s style.
5. Stones in a garden should be of different sizes and not look alike.
6. There should be modification of filled space with open space in the garden.
Don’t try to fill all the space. It’s better to create a composition with a smaller number of stones and plants than to excessively place them. Japanese minimalism will make your garden more refined.
A triangle, where one stone plays a leading role and others are secondary, is a classic composition in the creation of a rock garden.
A block in the shape of a stone, extended vertically, of an irregular shape, may serve as the main stone. Others may be horizontally mounted with some inclination.
Mounting of the stones for the garden is done so that one may observe all the stones from a position of at least 7 points, which are all around the rock garden. This is beneficial because a rock garden may be observed at different times in the different places. You may arrange the stones in such a way that at a certain point of observation you may see all the stones and from the other points 1 stone is not visible. It’s possible to set the stones so that in every point of observation 1 or 2 stones aren’t visible. If you mount 1 stone so that it’s visible from all the points of observation, it may be of a bigger size than the rest of the stones. For this purpose, you should first outline a plan for your future rock garden. Draw its contours and encircle it as shown in the scheme. Divide the circle into 7 equal parts. Then from the points you have, draw the lines across to the corners. Look how you may arrange the stones in the garden and the plants (if you are going to use them as well) so that they are seen, and attempt to create an interesting composition.
It’s better to use the stones that nature has toiled over. The stones without sharp edges, slightly moss-covered ones are the most interesting. Such stones create a quiet and pacifying mood..
Stones in the garden are picked up of the same “quiet” color without any sparkling specks. It’s not recommended to use white stones. Usually, the white color of crushed stone is applied to create a water surface, which is why you may create a rock garden in the shape of a lake from white or light crushed stones. This is an embodiment of the water element purity. Stones for your garden may be placed on islands of green soil covered with vegetation. You have probably noticed that in nature it’s hard to find stones of various colors in one place. This should be taken into account when creating a rock garden. You may arrange the stones in groups of 2 or 3, or more. Stones in such groups of various sizes are mounted so that the smaller stone is always slightly inclined towards the bigger stone. However, place the stones at some distance away from each other. When setting the stones, make sure that each stone has a side ingrown into the soil foundation. Avoid symmetry.
If you hesitate for a single moment, choose a place for it so that the sun rays don’t shine into your eyes. Place the stones in your garden asymmetrically in relation to your glance. Using our tips, you will be able to successfully choose the stones for your garden and create a rock garden based on your taste and sensations. It will satisfy your aesthetic perception and bring a feeling of calamity to your soul.