A rock garden is an attractive solution for garden adornment. The most ordinary rock garden can become original with the skillful choice of plants. Some gardeners achieve individuality with a combination of ornamental plants, picking up the color of foliage. Others decorate their rock gardens with bright colors. A rock garden doesn’t lose its beauty from such a variety.
What kind of a rock garden should you choose?
The only requirement there is, is to create a natural landscape that will remind you of a rocky area.
Regardless, many people combine different styles of a Japanese rock garden.
If you want to create a rock garden in a natural style, you’ll need to create something like mountains.
A place for a rock garden
A slope may be used for this purpose. If a rock garden is not large, it may be arranged in the vicinity of a pond. A lawn can serve as an extension of a rock garden.
The best place for a rock garden is a sunny place, as many flowers are sun-loving. A bench may be set close to a rock garden. Usually ground covering plants, not tall plants, are chosen for a rock garden. The location of tall bushes or flowers near a rock garden makes it visually smaller, as well as increases its greenery.
The arrangement of a rock garden should start in the fall. The place should be cleared from any weeds. You need to make drainage from a thin layer of crushed stone and sand, and pour earth on it to make a hill. The size of an embankment depends on the size of the rock garden. The ground will sink during the winter. In the spring, you may add earth to get the desirable size.
The choice of stones
If a rock garden isn’t big, appropriate stones should be chosen for its size. A big stone in a little rock garden will look unnatural. The stones must be of the same color. Big stones require a foundation from the crushed stone, since they sink into the soil gradually with their weight.
Mounting the stones
To mount a stone, you’ll need to dig out a hole for the stone in the embankment, which is prepared in the fall, place 5-8 cm of a foundation from the crushed stone, and mount a stone. Oblong stones are mounted on an incline, as they occur at the slopes. A stone with an oval shape will suit a flat rock garden well. It may be mounted lying. The stone must be slightly covered with earth and be settled firmly in its place. Usually in nature, the stones which have greenery around them are ingrown in the earth. 3 small stones are enough for a small rock garden. The 1ststone is the biggest, the rest of the stones should be smaller. After the stones are mounted, you may start planting greenery.
Plants for a rock garden
If your rock garden consists of ornamental plants, you may use diminutive coniferous trees and bushes. They suit a rock garden, mimicking a rocky slope perfectly. Canadian balsam diminutive fir tree of the kinds Nana, Hudsonia would be a wonderful solution. It grows very slowly. An adult tree reaches 1.0 -2ft (30 60сm) in height and 3ft (90сm) in width. A diminutive fir tree Vercade’s Prostrate may be planted. The size of this fir tree with dark-green needles iat10-years old is 2ft (60сm), and 2ft6inches (75сm) in width.
Savin Juniper of a procumbent shape would also be a good solution for a rock garden. There are silver and dark green colored needles. Vertical lines are improper for such a kind of a rock garden. Crushed stone of a darker color than the stones can be placed around the fir trees. Rocky valleys of ground covering plants are arranged between the coniferous plants. Acaena would be perfect for this purpose. There are kinds with silver, crimson, and green leaves. Acaena grows well in the drained fertile soil with a moderate content of moisture.
Saxifrages Umbrosa Variegata will look attractive in the vicinity of coniferous diminutive fir trees. These plants are usually perennials. Saxifrages are not demanding in regards to the soil. They prefer drained soils, sunny places, and they are moderately drought-resistant. Saxifrages blossom with white flowers in the spring. The plant’s height is 14 inches (35сm). Their pulpy rosettes of dark crimson color match well the blue-greenish needles of the fir trees or junipers, which is ideal for a rock garden. Ajuga reptans covers the ground well and blossoms in the spring with white, pink, and lilac flowers. The leaves are of purple or bronze color, depending on the kind. There are also kinds with green leaves and a purple hue.
All the ground covering plants, mentioned above, will look elegant near the coniferous diminutive plants in a rock garden. Such a rock garden may serve as a classical addition to the main garden.