Poinsettia plants are known throughout the world as the Christmas flower.
Poinsettia's big, red flowers are not flowers, but bracts. The flowers are small, yellow-green buds that sit in the middle. Varieties are now available in white and pink as well as red bracts.
In Mexico and Guatemala, where the poinsettia belongs, stands as evergreen shrubs that can several meters high. For example, in the Canary Islands, you can see the bloom as early as November.
Best varieties Poinsettias
Should we grow it as a houseplant, it should not be too high, and therefore have made an effort to produce low varieties that can stand on the windowsill. It has largely succeeded, and the best have been given names such as' Paul Mikkelsen 'and' Annette Hegg ', which has dark red bracts, Mikkel Pink', which has pink and 'White Ecke', which has white bracts.
They all have a milky sap or rubber, which seeps out if the stems damaged, it is toxic.
Do you get the flower; it will not grow more in the same year. Before flowering Poinsettias grow quickly and can easily grow 30.45 cm before high leaves develop.
Poinsettia blooms from late autumn, winter and sometimes to early spring. They are short-day plants, and have a long period of only 10 hours of the day to bloom.
They like to be like, and in the winter of direct sunlight. During growth must be protected from the sun.
Normal room temperature, in the flower is not less than 12 C and not more than 21 C. Out of season it can be much colder, but not in frost.
Keep it moist during growth and during flowering. Water 2 times a week - from above. Never dry out. After flowering, the rest for several weeks and only 1 watered once a week. Irrigation increased again after pruning and repotting.
Plant fertilizes liquid fertilizer every 14 days during the growing and flowering.
Give douches daily with water, preferably rainwater.
Not required if it showered. Do not use leaf shine.
Room air: Edit tolerant, but must not move.
Soil: Best of peat compost.
If you want to plant overwintered, transplant it after the cut in the summer. Be careful, as the stems and roots are crisp. Pot again about 4-6 weeks later, before it reaches the flowering stage. If the gardener has stuck it in a small inner pot, it must follow as part of the root ball. Never press the soil too much.
Prining: In spring and after flowering cut the shoots back. It will increase the shot sentence.
Propagation: Small shot can put roots in small pots in the summer. The sooner the cutting out, the bigger the plant before winter flowering. Temperature top of propagating box is at 21 C.
Difficulty: Easy to handle for several months, but difficult from year to year. Gardeners multiply poinsettia plants every year, and they use growth retardants for compact plants.
Read more: Christmas poinsettia - How to renew poinsettia bloom next year