What can be more beautiful in spring than bright glades of flowers with the background of dark greenery of the lawn? In summer flowering bulbs stand out for their beauty and sophistication. Such miracle should bloom in your garden every year. You can plant and take care of your flowering bulbs by yourself.
Here are 6 steps to plant and care after plant bulbs.
1. Choosing the planting area
First, choose the location in your garden for flowering bulbs. It can be a lawn ora flowerbed. These plants can adore any area. Even a rock garden will benefit from bulbs planting. Most of plant bulbs require sunny lawns. In the shadow these plants may not bloom. Under unfavorable conditions over-ground parts of plant bulbs die and the plants fall into sleep while living at the expense of the bulbs which have accumulated nourishing components.
2. Soil in the planting
Most people consider that plant bulbs are unpretentious and can grow in any soil. This isn’t true. They grow well and bloom in fertile soils. Prepare the planting place in spring. Dig the soil all over. If your garden has poor soil, add organic fertilizers: compost, manure. Plant bulbs do not like fresh organic fertilizer, heavy or moistened soil. To reduce it, the moisture drainage needs to be carried out. The planting soil has to be mixed with the leaf soil, humus and sand in the proportion of 5:1:1:2. In case of acid soil, pH 3.5-4.5 liming of the soil has to be implemented. With soil acidity pH 5 liming isn’t necessary.
3. When is the right planting time for plant bulbs?
The natural habitat of plant bulbs is very spacious. They can grow in cool regions, middle zone, in the southern and drought regions. Some plat ancestors found in woods and steppes, mountains, and alpine meadows. For early bloom plants are planted before winter. The planting terms depend on your climate zone. If this is the northern part of the country, planting is made in the end of August. If these are climate zones more towards the south, then end of September. In the southern regions you should plant your plant bulbs in October when it’s getting cooler.
4. Choosing plants
The variety of plant bulbs allows choosing plants that will bloom all season long. There are plants blooming in spring. Others bloom in summer and the third kind in autumn. For starters, choose the plants that are easy to take care of. These are crocuses, tulips or daffodils. Don’t be in pursuit of the species variety. Arrange a lawn out of plants of the same species. Choose one or two colors. White will be in harmony with any other palette. That combination will look spectacular. It is possible to have a wonderful selection without spending a lot of money. Have your concept ready before picking up bulbs for planting. They must be whole solid bulbs of medium size with the pronounced mark of growth. Purchasing of bulbs needs to be made before planting. It’s not recommended to keep planting material for a long time. Bulbs lose their quality if kept long.
5. Plant bulbs planting
Dig a furrow for planting. The distance between small bulbs should be 2-3’’, between middle-size hyacinths, tulips, daffodils 4-4,5’’. The distance between large bulbs, for example lilies, isn’t less than 1,5-2 feet. The depth also depends on the bulb's size. If you plant small bulb plants, for example, anemones, snowdrops, crocuses, some species of decorative onions, Spanish Scylla, freesias, then the depth of the bulb’s bottom to the soil’s surface is 2,0-3,0″. In case of muscari the recommended depth is equal to 3’’. There’s an opinion that the bigger the bulb of the plant’s species is, the deeper its planting is.Bulbs of hyacinths, daffodils, tulips, lilies and amaryllises have different sizes. The depth of their planting depends on the bulb’s height. Basic rule is to plant at the depth that is 3 depths of the bulb from the soil’s surface to the bulb’s bottom. Hyacinths are better planted at the sand basis 0,8 - 1″ and then sprinkled with sand to make them more disease-resistant. Small bulb plants may not be dug out for several years. Thanks to bulb reproduction, in a few years you will have lovely lawns in the garden entirely strewed with flowers.
6. Plant bulbs care
If the plants planted in the end of summer or in autumn, watering should be limited. In spring when plants start their growth and the soil is moistened enough, the plants shouldn’t be watered. After the plants’ bloom season is off, it’s necessary to water them periodically as soil dries completely. Do this to retain the plants’ green leaves as long as possible. This is the time for them to keep nutrients for the next year. Plant bulbs blooming in summer period should be watered to the root allowing the water to reach the plant’s roots.
With leaves drying up watering is stopped. Some plants are dug out and planted after drying upin the end of summer or autumn. Other bulb plants are left at the same place for several years without digging out. It should be noticed that bulbs tend to get deeper into the soil. Therefore, without digging bulbs out their quality drops little by little.