Persimmon trees is an exotic fruit trees. The genus of persimmon tree numbers about 500 species, which grow mostly in tropical and subtropical zones. Persimmon tree is a relative of ebony that is known for its black and very valuable timber. Persimmon trees is found in Africa, Asia, and North America. Kaki persimmon tree has high taste properties. The fruit are 3.2-4 inches (8-10sm) in diameter. Persimmon tree taste comes either with or without binding capacities. Fruit with astringent properties can be frozen and thus turned into non-astringent ones.
The Japanese persimmon trees originates in China
Ripen fruits have a sweet and pleasant taste. Unripe fruits contain high amounts of tannin, which has an astringent action.
One of the best varieties of a persimmon tree is ‘Sharon’, a hybrid of a Japanese persimmon tree and an apple tree, created by Israeli breeders. There are no seeds inside the fruit. The fruits of the persimmon tree ‘Sharon’ ripen on the tree until a certain condition. Then, they are stored in carton boxes with bananas, apples, or pears. A day later, the fruit become bright orange and develop a sweet taste.
The American Persimmon Trees
The American persimmon tree originates from the eastern regions of the United States. It has good taste properties, going beyond ‘Sharon’ in its content of vitamin C and calcium. At least 2 trees, male and female, are required for fruiting. The tree grows rapidly and it can tolerate a light shade, but the fruits grow much tastier in the sun. The American persimmon tree is a drought-tolerant plant, which can withstand short-term severe frosts. Fruiting begins anywhere between 6-8 years. The key disadvantage is the formation of root shoots.
The Mexican Persimmon Trees
This is a very interesting kind of persimmon tree of Mexican origin. This type is known as the ‘black persimmon tree’. The fruit looks like a green tomato. Not yet ripen pulp is white. Gradually, it becomes dark black in color. The flavor of the fruit resembles a creamy one, with a hint of chocolate. This persimmon contains high amounts of vitamins A, C, and a relatively high quantity of potassium.
The Philippine Persimmon Trees
The Philippine persimmon tree has fruit of a reddish-brown color, which tastes like cream cheese.
The fully-grown ‘Chocolate persimmon tree’ variety reaches heights of 15-20ft (4.5-6 m). Its growth rate is moderate. The tree blossoms in early spring with pink or white flowers. The fruits ripen in late October-early November. The persimmon tree is grown in USDA zones 7-10. This variety is self-fertile.
‘Fuyu’ persimmon tree grows to 40ft (12m) in height. The growth rate is moderate. It flowers in late spring with creamy colored flowers. The fruits are light-orange, with a slight roughness. It can be grown in USDA zones 5-8.‘Jiro’ variety has yellow-orange fruits without binding properties. The tree grows up to 20ft (6m). The conditions of cultivation are the same as with other persimmon tree varieties. It can be grown in USDA zones 7-9. This kind has only female flowers.
Many varieties of Asian persimmon tree are self-pollinating.
How do you Plant a Persimmon Tree?
It is better to choose the persimmon tree’s seedlings with closed root system. In this case, the planting can be performed at any time of the year. If you want to plant a persimmon tree with open roots, the planting is to be done when the tree is at rest. Fall is a great time for planting.
A persimmon tree seedling is to have the brown crown, healthy main branches, and developed roots. If you were to cut the root, it should be black. This is the property of the ebony genus.
The place of growth should be sunny and sheltered from the wind.
The soil is to be prepared, well-drained, and loamy. The acidity of the soil should be between pH 6.0 - 6.5. It is necessary to add compost into the topsoil crop land.
A pit for planting a persimmon tree is dug to a deeper depth than the root system. The distance between the pit bottom and the root system must be at least 1ft (30cm). First, the pit is filled with a fertile mixture at a 1ft (30cm) depth. Then, the roots of the tree are lowered, and the soil is layered along with the watering. This excludes the cavings around the root. The planting of the persimmon tree is done so that you place the crown on the same level as in the nursery-garden.
Caring for the Persimmon Trees
The soil is mulched on top, either for protecting it from drying out, or for controlling weeds.
For the first time, it is necessary to regularly water the seedling while its root system is still developing.
Persimmon tree trimming is done the same way as with other fruit trees.
Persimmon tree from the local nursery-garden is better suited for the conditions of the orchard.