Such gardens are descendants of ancient gardens called padishahs. Luxury and lush vegetation in such scenery was truly an extraordinary place. They were created in the deserts, where water was precious moisture. Ponds and fountains, free flowing water, bright vegetation, and plants charmed the imagination. The gardens were even considered by people as heaven on Earth.
In ancient times, Spain was enslaved by the Arabs, but the Arabs did not destroy it. Because of this, Spain absorbed the best Arabic sciences and art. Spanish kings were delighted with the beauty and richness of beautiful gardens built by Arab governors. Gradually, the Spaniards began to build such gardens. Muslim style gardens mingled with European style. Due to this, a new style of great beauty emerged - Moorish.
The central features of a Moorish garden are itspond, fountain, and basins.
Usually the garden is placed in front of the house and spread to the sides, cutting across the whole garden streams, canals, and fountains. Beautiful silhouettes of the building are reflected in the surface of the pond.
A long narrowbasin in front of the house is decorated with trees, which are symmetrically planted along it. This creates a depth of field and emphasizes the length of the garden. Ponds and fountains are usually decorated withmajolica in blue, green or yellow colors.
This type of garden was createdsymmetrically. The entrance was on the side. For an overview of the territory on a hill,arcadeswere created, usually in acurved shape. Arcades consist of a lot of small arches. They were decorated with bas-relief ornaments of vegetative origins or oriental inscriptions from the Koran. These bas-reliefs were covered with golden paint and interspersed with blue paint. The Spanish also usedornamental painting and writing,but were guided by Christian dogma.
Roses, oleander, jasmine were planted in separate groups. The aroma of these plants echoed throughout the garden, turning it into a magical place. In such a garden, single samples of cypress trees, oranges and tangerines were clearly distinguished by their thick greenery.
A lawn is not accepted in the Moorish style.
The trees and shrubs are not cut.
Most of the yardwas covered with beautiful oriental ornaments made oftile. This is typical in Moorish style. In the Moorish style, everything breathes with luxury and wealth. A wealth of luxurioussouthern flowersis combined with elegant and lush styles of architectural constructions.
This is one of themodernstyles of landscape design. It uses modern finishing materials. It absorbed the new trends of modern life.
It combines beauty with functionality. Everything is filled with aesthetic consciousness. Some elements are borrowed from other styles.
Throughout the 20th century it has been modified to keep pace with technological progress.
However, the main tendencies of this style remained untouched.
Tendencies of the modern style
The garden is alwaysdesigned in the same style.
Main composition is carried out in different ways in other spaces. Relief paths, water surfaces, lawns, are curved in an arc.
Trees are preferred to come from local breeds with a dark and dense crown. They are rare inclusions in the body of the garden.
Bright decorations of the garden arelarge flowers. First and foremost, there are irises of various colors and shades. Multi-coloredliliescreate beautiful corners, and at the same time, their aroma spreads throughout the garden.
Strict consciousness is enlivened bymixborders with poppies and peonies.
Swimming pools, tennis courts all of this is visible. They are complemented by green grounds for golf. Green lawns are also placed for games.
Garden furniture made of metal or plastic, and is simple in shape.
Recreational grounds are decorated with pampas grass, and fragrant plants in pots. Currently, many people prefer to decorate the front lawn or a pool with smallflower beds of plants that are unpretentious and drought-resistant.This creates a spirit similar to the native North American prairies. To do this, areas are created with tall Indian grass (Sorghastrum nutans), and interspersed with low-growing grasses blue grama (Bouteloua gracilis).
Others prefer traditional plants. Bright low shrubs can be planted close to the home. Groups of shrubs of roses, hydrangeas and blue rhododendrons look beautiful against the backdrop of lawns. But the most important rule is that the shape of the garden should besimple.
Do not try to mix different styles on a small section. If you want to use different styles, by all means create mono gardens. Differentiate your space with hedgerows, and a stylish corner of nature on every piece of ground created. This will highlight the interior of your garden.
Styles of Landscape Design part 2