Monstera deliciosa - how to grow a healthy plant


Monstera deliciosa is a magnificent plant when it thrives. It is easy, though it takes time, up to 2 ½ m as a houseplant. It belongs to the Arum family or Araceae family and is closely related to the philodendron. The genus is just over 30 evergreen species of tropical plants from the Caribbean and Central America. It contains an edible juice therefore it is called sometimes breadfruit plants.

The leaves can be very large, so wide. They are deep into cut and punched. Leaf shape says that it comes from windswept own. In nature escape holes wind through unhindered, so the large leaves are not damaged.

Normally grow as a horizontal climber, and to be a potent toxic to for it to grow vertically. When it thrives, it will put some air roots in nature serves to anchor it. Air roots must not be removed. Supported plant a stick, they will look into it.

Monstera deliciosa is one of the easiest houseplants to have to do, but they can be quite demanding in terms of space. Monstera deliciosa should not be confused with philodendron pertusum whose leaves are smaller but of the same shape and grows much faster.

When you buy a plant, you have to look after it undamaged, deep green leaves. One can distinguish the natural holes from those resulting from damage when the latter is brown at the edges. Young shoots are fresh bright green.

Monstera deliciosa is one of the most popular houseplants with its decorative pierced and lobed leaves.

Size:

Although you usually buy them when they are 45 - high and stands in pots, they will eventually slowly develop into large plants with leaves of approx. in width. After many years, when a height of 2-2.5 m.

Growth:


Slow. They put no more than 1 or 2 blades per year.

Flovering:

In summer, an older plant put a yellow flower that resembles an Calla. It replaced soon by the fruit, which is edible when ripe.

Fragrance:

None.

Light:

This plant can be in a dark corner, what makes it popular as a houseplant. It may never get direct sun, not in the summer.

Temperature:

Preferably not below 13 C in winter, although it can survive at 10 C if water not be restricted. In summer it will thrive at temperatures up to 24 C.

Water:

The plant can easily over-water, so it would be best to let it dry between waterings. Feel the soil to see if it needs water. That should be enough once a week in the summertime, if the weather is not very hot and every 14 days in winter.

Fertilizer:

During growth added irrigation water liquid fertilizer every 3 week.

Humidity:

As all jungle plants keeps it very moist air. Spray regularly with soft water and place it on wet rocks or in a flower pot cover with wet sphagnum.

Cleaning:

Wipe the leaves with a damp cloth and do not forget to support them meanwhile. They tolerate leaf • shine every two months, but not more often. It makes the leaves blank.

Room air:

It is very tolerant. It is a good plant for offices, showrooms and lobbies.

Soil:

It prefers soil: sand, turf ground, peat, compost 1:1:1:1:1.

Repotting: Monstera deliciosa transplanted each spring. Once it has been very great, merely, with topdressing.

Pruning:

Not particularly necessary. If it is too high can top cut off and stuck. It will soon form new end shot.

Propagation:

Cuttings monstera cut in early summer.

Longevity:

With a minimum of care, you can have them for many years. Young specimens fit together with a number of green.

Easy/Difficult:

A good plant for beginners.

Humidity

Place the pot on wet pebbles in a saucer. The pot must not touch the water. Or:

Place the pot in a flower pot cover lined with damp sphagnum.

Sprinkling

Give it a shower a few times a week in summer time once a week in winter. Hold the syringe approx. 15 cm from the leaves.

Cleaning

Dust the leaves with a soft cloth and wash them with warm water. Support finally leaves. Tolerate Sheet gloss, but only every other month.

Topdressing

1. The top 2,3 cm of soil removed without damaging the roots.

2. Fill with new compost.

3 Cover all roots and squeeze the soil together. Water and place it overshadowed a few days.

Propagation in water

Take cuttings in early summer.

1. Add 3,4 small pieces of charcoal in a not too deep cup filled 2/3 full with water.

2. Cover with plastic wrap held in place with elastic.

3. Remove tips (with the upper blade). Cut the cutting of the plant just above the third magazine.

4. Plug stem through plastic wrap and down in the water. The temperature should be 25 C.

5. Water and cover with plastic bag for a few days of humidity sake.

What went wrong?

1. Black spots appear on the leaves, Monstera deliciosa if kept at a low temperature.

2. Lower leaves first yellow, later brown, especially in winter. Let it dry for the targeted, water less.

3. Pale leaves and brown, dry spots with round holes. Ask the half shadowed.

4. Pale leaves. It is nutritional deficiency. Give Monstera deliciosa fertilizer during the growing season.