If your garden is in a warm climate, a beautiful liana mandevilla will be a great solution when arranging green spaces for a patio, pergola, or any other place. Quickly growing climbing plants are great to use in the landscape designs of pavilions, pergolas, and hedges in the garden.
Mandevilla is not big. It’s an evergreen liana with bright glossy leaves and wonderful, fragrant, very large flowers, reaching up to 5 6 inches (10 12.5 сm). Mandevilla blooms with white, pink, red, and yellow flowers. As all lianas, the mandevilla grows fast and needs support. It’s a heat-loving plant that develops well in tropical and sub-tropical climate. The temperature of 50F (10C) is already low enough for it and at this temperature, the liana needs to be covered. South and Central Americas are the habitats of mandevilla. Wild plants, obtained through breeding, have become popular all over the world. Mandevilla is grown in the climatic zones USDA 10 11. If the mandevilla is covered for the winter, it may be grown in zone 9. In case the garden’s conditions don’t allow for the growing of mandevilla as a perennial liana, it’s grown as an annual plant.
There are about 100 types of this plant. Some kinds of mandevilla are rare. There are 3 kinds of mandevilla which are the most popular. Hybrid kinds with the best qualities have been bred from them.
The length of the liana in the natural climate is up to 13 ft (4m). In colder climates, it reaches up to 6.5 ft (2m). Mandevilla is a liana with large white flowers that have yellow centers, which is the hybrid kind Cosmos White.
Mandevilla laxa, also called Chilean Jasmine.
Mandevilla grows in colder climates. The flowers of the Mandevilla laxa are white and very fragrant. The blossom is abundant.
This is a liana, reaching up to 15 ft (4.5 m) in length. It blossoms with pink, white, and red flowers with yellow centers.
grows up to 10 ft (3m) in length. This plant begins to bloom in the late spring and finishes in the middle of the summer when the temperature is slightly over 64.4F (18C).
On the basis on these types, hybrid kinds of cold-resistant plants have been bred, which bloom in a beautiful way. Some of them have a prolonged period of blooming. They start blossoming in the spring and finish in November.
Mandevilla’s growing conditions
Mandevilla loves the scattered sun light. When it comes to a support, the plant grows faster with it than without.
Flowers develop on the sprouts of the 1styear of a certain length. If the growth isn’t sufficient, the plant may not bloom.
After blooming, the liana is pruned to stimulate the growth of new sprouts.
How do you plant mandevilla
Mandevilla is propagated by top cuttings of young sprouts. You may take a cutting of 3 inches (7.5сm), left from the pruning of the liana, process it with the growth hormone, and plant it in a container. It must have at least 1-2 leaves and 2 eyes. To prevent the cutting from withering, it must be sprinkled. In a few weeks, the mandevilla will strike root and can be re-planted to its permanent place by transfer reloading. During its growth period, a young plant is watered regularly to speed up development of the root system.. The soil must be wet but not soggy. The root may rot from an excess of water and the plant may die. Mandevilla grows well and develops in sandy-loam or loamy soils. The soil for mandevilla must be weak-acid and moderately fertile.
If the flower is purchased in a store, it must be planted into its permanent place when there is no possibility of light frosts and the temperature is above 47F (15C). To help it bloom abundantly, additional fertilizer with phosphorus is added once in 3 weeks. Bone flour is applied for this purpose.
The watering of an adult liana is done when the soil around the plant is dry.
Mandevilla is resistant to many diseases but sometimesit may be infested by pests. They may be insects: red spider mite, whiteflies, greenflies, and mealybugs. The roots of the plant can be heavily affected.
Prevention of red spider mite is done with regular watering and spraying of the plant.
Mealybugs are small white worms which devour young leaves and stems.Parasite flies are used as a preventive remedy for mealybugs.
Along with the infestation of mandevilla with whiteflies, a plant may be affected by the black rot which is transmitted by these insects. Paper adhesive tapes are applied as a preventive measure against whiteflies.
A period of quiet begins for the plant once winter arrives. Mandevilla’s watering is reduced. The winter temperature for the plant should be 44 - 47F (12 - 15С).
Mandevilla is a very beautiful liana that can be successfully grown in containers in the garden during a warm period of the year and taken indoors for winter.