Before learning how to plant fruit trees, you need to plan the area for the planting of fruit trees. First, pick the kind of fruit trees that you want in your future garden. If the space is limited, choose dwarf fruit trees. The dwarf fruit trees are easier to care for.
If the area for the fruit garden is vast, you may plant tall-trunked fruit trees. Caring for tall fruit trees includes pruning the trees and picking the harvest, and is more complicated with than care for small trees. Dwarf fruit trees are planted the same way as tall-trunked trees.
Preparing the soil
Before learning how to plant fruit trees, you need to prepare the soil.
Before considering planting fruit trees, choose an area where the level of the soil water is low. It must be at least 5ft. If the level of the soil water is higher, you need to drain it.
Any fruit trees grow well in air-penetrable soils with average fertility.
Fruit trees are sensitive to soil acidity. This should be taken into account before considering to plant fruit trees. When the soil acidity is below or above neutral, nutritional substances are poorly digested by the plants. If a tree grows in acidic soil, it may accumulate heavy metals.
The majority of fruit trees develop well in neutral or weak-acid soils.
Digging the holes
If you are thinking about planting fruit trees, take into account that you will need to prepare holes beforehand. For example, when planting fruit trees in the spring, the holes are prepared in autumn, and in the spring, the holes for planting in autumn are prepared. The depth of the hole for planting fruit trees is2 ft, with a width of 4ft. The soil for planting is taken from the top fertile layer. If the soil isn’t fertile, organic fertilizers, up to 12 kg of compost, are added a week before planting. The fertilizer must be mixed with the top soil layer. When you are considering planting fruit trees, pick a kind which suits your climatic zone.
1 and 2-year-old saplings strike roots better than others. If an adult tree needs to be replanted, it’s dug out with a lump of soil so that there is damage to the root system.
Saplings fruit trees are sold with open or closed root systems. Such saplings must have 3-4 base branches, pointed to different directions, and they must have a bearer rising above them. The branches must look healthy with no damage.
This requirement also applies to the saplings with open roots. The roots are carefully examined in saplings with open roots. The roots must be well-developed, about 1-1.5ft long. If you cut the tip of the root, the cut will be white. Before planting the saplings with open roots, make clay slush and dip the plant’s roots into it. The roots must be wet all the time.
How to plant fruit trees
When you are planting saplings fruit trees, the planting depth plays a great role in the tree's development. The roots of the saplings fruit trees must be freelyspread in the hole. It is preferable to set a peg next to the sapling. The hole is graduallyfilled with fertile substratum. The soil is compacted tightly and watered. The depth of the planting after the watering and soil compacting must be the same as it was in the nursery. Usually the place joining the wilding and scion is situated 2 in from the soil surface.
Care for planted fruit trees
The saplings attachment to the pegs is made with plastic stripes or something similar, which does not cut into the tree’s bark.
Saplings with closed roots in peat pots may be planted during any warm time of the season. When planting, the surface of the soil in the peat pot must be leveled with the soil surface.
After planting saplings, the soil must be dug up around the near-trunk circles to make it easier for the grown roots to breathe and master the territory.
After planting fruit trees, it’s recommended that you mulch the near-trunk circle. This is done in orderto make the lessen evaporation of the moisture from the soil after watering,in order to prevent the formation of the crust, which doesn’t let the roots breathe, andprevent weeds from growing.
A young tree needs to be watered 3-4 times per season, depending on the soil condition. In cool regions, watering is reduced, but in warm regions it’s increased.
The last watering takes place in autumn, when the leaves are falling. However, watering should be done to the point where only the top soil layer is wet. This is done in order not to interfere with the process of tree preparation for winter. During autumn rains, precipitation will penetrate the lower soil layers.
Apple and pear trees that ripen early are watered less. Pear trees get sick if they are watered too often.
Dwarf fruit trees are watered more intensively, depending on the dryness of the climatic zone. Watering is brought down to 5-7 times per period summer autumn.
Now you know how to plant fruit trees, and how to care for them.