Ginseng available today typically as pills, capsules or liquid tinctures, but maybe you can even grow its ginseng. Potted plant that may look good on the windowsill, and also may be eaten, is an exciting alternative.
Ginseng in nature
In nature grows the plant always in forests as it requires up to 70-80% shade to the leaves from getting scorched by light. Growing outside forests is always with artificial shade. American and Korean ginseng grows only in northern temperate regions, where they can meet their demands for 4-5 months of cold treatment at 1-5 C to lift knob fire on the roots. Propagation is by seed, which requires approx. 5 months moist warm ripening of seed by approx. 20 C before 5 months of refrigeration at 3-5 C in order to be able to germinate. The plants are grown mostly in raised beds in very porous soil with good drainage to avoid the attack of fungi on the roots. Snails have a special fondness for ginseng planter and can be devastating to plants if they are not controlled / prevented. Ginseng formed from a short rhizome at the top of the root in early May and can be 50-60 cm high.
Cultivation of ginseng
If you want to grow ginseng, it is just about to get started. Ginseng plant must be at least five years old before the root is powerful enough to have an effect.
Ginseng grows well in porous soil in the garden or in a pot.
Plant a fresh root from October to mid-May.
Let root overwinter in 3-5 cm soil or compost.
Ginseng in pot tolerate frost in winter.
Ginseng should preferably grow a shady, sheltered place.
Ginseng should only be watered and fed little.
The flowers are whitish and inconspicuous in size and formed in June, followed by the development of green berries that turn red at maturity in early September.
They wither in September. The energy stored in the root, which can be more or less branched and weigh up to 100 to 200 grams of four-year plant.
History of the use of ginseng
Medicine plant ginseng is one of the oldest known plants that have been deliberately used as herbal medicine or elixir of life.
Best known is the Korean ginseng, which has been used in East Asia for more than 4000 years, while American ginseng has been used by North American Indians for several centuries.
Active ingredients in ginseng
Ginseng plant, which primarily is the root exploited, is interesting because it contains a number of bioactive substances, in addition to improving the slightly softer values such as ability to concentrate and make sense of new energy among users, contains extremely interesting potential in terms of future prevention or against a range of modern lifestyle diseases, including type 2 diabetes, cancer and immune system against such viral infections.
Korean and American ginseng are very similar in appearance and habit, while some of the other 11 known species of ginseng genus differs slightly in some areas. American and Korean ginseng are perennial perennials that can be over 20 years old, but in cultivation usually harvested after 3-6 years.
Recent studies indicates that polysaccharides in ginseng also is bioactive in relation to diabetes. Therefore, it is a complex matter to test and investigate Ginsengs effect.