There are always shady places in the garden for planting shade-loving plants such as ferns.
How to plant a fern? The main condition for the prosperity of ferns is the creation of conditions for its natural growth.
How do you plant a fern?
The method of planting a fern depends on the method of reproduction.
Ferns with creeping rhizomes and renewal buds at the end are separated in the early spring, when the fern starts to grow.
Some species of ferns can be propagated by dividing the bush.
There exist a few kinds of ferns which can be propagated by leader buds. They are formed directly on the leaves. By bending them towards the wet soil, one can create the setting for new fern formation.
How do you plant a fern from spores
Ferns do not have flowers. On the underside of the leaves there are spores, which help propagation. After maturation, the spores are gathered. Then, they are sown on the soil surface under glass or film. The soil consists of leaf soil, sand, and peat at a ratio of 1:1:1. The temperature should be not below 77 F (25 C). The moisture of the soil is maintained by a soil spray. The fern seedlings should appear in a month. When the seedlings get stronger, they are relocated to a permanent place.
Soil for ferns
Many ferns are grown in acidic soils with a pH 4.5 - 6. There are also those that prefer neutral or alkaline soils.
Friable, moderately nutrient-filled, sandy soils are suitable for ferns.
After planting ferns, their root system is built up within 2 years. Usually, there is no extra nutrition for ferns. Sometimes you can use bone meal, which is spread around the bush.
Where and how do you plant a fern?
The best option is to plant it among bulbous plants. They will fade at first, but then the ferns will begin to grow.
Ferns cover the ground with their leaves, preventing weeds and retaining moisture in the soil.
For many years, ferns can grow in one place without relocation necessary.
Some species of ferns, such as scolopendrium var. Americanum prefer neutral or alkaline fertile soils. This type of fern is protected by the state.
Role of water in the life of ferns
Ferns are the plants found in forests and forest edges. Therefore, wet soils are suitable for many ferns, even for the rock. In wet soils, these plants become strong and luxurious.
A lack of moisture in the spring leads to a reduction of fern leaves, and the plant becomes stunted.
If the lack of moisture occurs in the summer, the leaves wither and the plant may die. In humid climates, ferns thrive, which is why irrigation is very helpful.
Ferns can grow in the shade and in the full sunlight. The location of fern depends on how much moisture it will get. In the full sunlight, a fern can grow well if the soil is kept moist. In the full sunlight, the leaves of a fern can become a little lighter, and the bush itself becomes more compact.
Together with the typical ferns, you should plant some which will provide a contrast amongst the other species.
If you want some exotics, plant the Japanese fern Athyrium Ursula's red. The height of the plant is 1 ft 8 inches. For the first two years, fronds have the usual green color, but the leaves of an adult Japanese fern acquire an unusual color. They are grown in zones 5 - 8.
The Japanese buckler fern Dryopteris erythrosora is an evergreen plant with a height of 18 - 24 inches. Pinnate leaves of young Japanese fern have green veins. The leaves have a reddish tip. Older leaves are green. The zones for growing are 5 - 11. Japanese fern Dryopteris erythrosora prefers moist fertile soils with an acidity of pH 6.1 - 7.5.
If you want to have a rock garden, the rock fern Dryópteris frágrans would be a good choice for the design of a rock garden. This is a rock fern, which can grow in the Arctic zone. Rock fern has a nice, strong scent. Its esters provide the plant’s resistance to frost. The aroma of the rock fern is long lasting, and may persist for months. The height of the rock fern is 8 - 24inches. The leaves are stiff, and erect. Aged leaves have a dark green color, and are united in a solid crown. Leaves live for several years, sinking gradually, and protect the young leaves from the bad conditions. Rock fern can endure not only an extreme cold, but also a drought. It is unpretentious for soils. This is a plant of the Spartan-type. Rock fern looks beautiful in the cracks of stones.
Interesting facts about ferns
A fern does not have usual leaves, as is normally thought. This is not a leaf, but rather, this is a whole branch with leaves called a frond.
There are ferns, which are epiphytes, and grow in the tropics in the trees.
Dormant buds of ferns unfold their leaves when the last frosts have passed.
Many species are not edible, and can even be poisonous. Animals are not attracted to them.
Methods of reproduction vary, and overall, contribute to a good survival rate.
Some ferns are edible. Some people in the tropics grow the salad fern Marathi with stems and succulent leaves up to 20ft.
In the tropics, there exist ferns-trees up to 80ft, and ferns-lianas which cling to the trunks and branches of the trees.
One of the rarest ferns is in the Red Book and can live near the water. This is a fern with small oval velvet leaves.
Now you know about how to plant a fern, what a rock fern is, as well as its exotic forms. You’ve also got some interesting facts about this ancient plant.