Hippeastrum ( Amaryllis)
Family: Amaryllis familien (Amarylli'daceae)
Type: Pot plant, cut flower
What: Flowering: Winter
How: Seeds, cuttings
The botanical name comes from the Greek hippos = horse, the sheath that surrounds the flower is composed of two sheets at a specific time during flowering helps to give the flower a look that can resemble a horse's head. Giperastrum is originally from Peru.
Description of plant
It has thick, ribbon-shaped, 5-7 cm wide and 60 - 80 cm long leaves. A well-developed bulbs can annually provide one or two powerful pedicle with 4, sometimes 6, funnel-shaped flowers, which can be up to 25 cm in diameter. The colors vary from white to many different shades of red. The amaryllis most commonly grown today belong to a group called Hippeastrum room flower. It is caused by crossing multiple Hippeastrum species, and there are many different varieties on the market.
Amaryllis is rested for three months before flower bud development.
Bulbs: Amaryllis has 3 different periods of growth, a vegetative period,
a rest period and a accumulation of nutrients period. The bulbs are planted with at least 1/3 of the soil into a coarse soil mix. The best growth appears under good lighting conditions, and when frequently applied fertilizer. Before flowering can take place, the buds have 2 1/2-3 months of rest, so when you want flowering in November, the water no end in mid-July. When the buds proves the drive starts, while maintaining a temperature of about 24 C. Only when the leaves are in good growth, watering is normally. Once flower starts, maintained a temperature of 20 C. For the sake of continuous flowering bulb capacity it is important that the plants are kept in a good growth, even some time after the leaves have fallen.
Buyer and it puts them in autumn or winter, they bloom in spring or early summer. The bright red, pink or white flowers sits on a very thick flesh stem and bloom before the leaves are developed. The onions are big and grown in rule individually. They need fertilizer every 14 days during flowering and while the leaves are growing. Remove the faded flowers, but let the stalk remain seated until it is dry. After the leaves are developed and dried down, onions have a cool rest period of 3 months from the end of the summer. Amaryllis are available in many colors, both solid, for example. red, pink and white, as here, striped in red and white.
Propagation: The best sowing time is April-May. Seeding make in a soil mix of sand and at a temperature of 22-24 C. During germination covered with glass or paper to keep the humidity. After germination, the temperature was lowered to 18-20 C and be given a little manure. In December-January treated seedlings as bright as possible at 14-15 C. In January-February seedlings placed at a distance, after which they grow further, until the plants are in the rest going on after the summer. After 3-4 years buds blossoming skilled. The pieces are cut so that they are 3-5 cm high. There plugged in unit soil of P-type, mixed with sand.
Diseases and pests: The most frequent diseases and pests of amaryllis are mites, snails and viruses. Prior to the initiation of culture may be attacked by the mites, is prevented by lowering the onions into the 43.5 C hot water for 2 hours. Viruses cannot be tackled effectively.
Tips: Hippeastrum should be watered carefully and sparingly when the flower stem has come up. Water is too much, the leaves are too big.