Best way to get acquainted with various insects, to successfully maintain plant pest control.
Nobody need plant pest in their yard or in a garden. Between times, we’ve all had to deal with insects that eat holes in our favorite flowers, vegetables, or fruit. Maybe they’ve even led you to exterminate your entire yard. But that’s not the answer. After all, the pest insects that eat our treasured ornamentals and rob a share of the vegetable harvest are only a tiny fraction of the whole insect population around us. Many bugs are actually beneficial in their roles as crop pollinators, pest predators, and plant-material decomposers. So why not get to know who’s visiting your garden? You’ll find that the most important part of keeping a garden healthy is being able to recognize your garden friends and foes.
If you can avoid pest problems in the first place, you’ll save your time and your garden. There are several simple practices you can add to your garden routine to help prevent pest problems. Here are some things you can try:
Build up your soil.
Add 2,5 - 5cm of compost to poor soil each spring until drainage and fertility are restored. A yearly side-dressing or sprinkle of compost in spring will keep soil in good shape thereafter.
Whenever pull out a crop, put a different one in. It’ll discourage pests that were attracted to the original crop and stop insect populations from building up.
Planting different crops
Extensive plantings of a single plant draw insects. Confuse pests by mixing many types of crop. Pests will have through much trouble finding their favorite plant snacks and may move on to easier pickings elsewhere. Don’t import insect problems from the garden center or nursery. An aphid-infested “bargain” plant is no bargain when it leads to a garden full of infested, stressed, and sickly-looking plants. So every time you go shopping, take along this insect identification guide.
Select resistant cultivars
Choosing plants that can naturally repel or resist insect problems is one of the simplest ways to avoid pest problems. New resistant cultivars are being introduced each season.
Keep the garden clean
Pests find hiding and breeding places beneath withered leaves, stalks, and stems, so remove and compost faded plant parts regularly.
Evict pests before you plant
Examine the garden site carefully and evict all of the pests that you find. Remember to look under rocks, boards, and surface debris.
Put up pest barriers
There’s a good reason why floating row covers made of superlight spun bonded polypropylene are so popular among gardeners: These inexpensive, gauzy barriers keep pests off plants while allowing light and moisture to pass through. And they’re easy to use: You just drape the fabric over your crops and perhaps weight it down with rocks. You can provide even more protection by tucking the edges of the row cover firmly into the soil. Collars made of cardboard, plastic, or metal can also deter some pests.
Plant pest control carried out regularly throughout the year.