The summer heralds the return of lightness and freshness on the tables. Peaches and nectarines can be enjoyed in the shade of umbrellas.
The peach and nectarine in brief:
French production (1): 289 000 tonnes (average 2008-2012)
Production areas Languedoc-Roussillon, PACA, Rhône-Alpes
Availability : June to September
Peak season : July-August
Average price in 2013(2): € 2.56 / kg
Home consumption in 2013(2): 6.6 kg per household
Nutrition(3): 100 g of fish-nectarine represent 54.2 kcal
Peach and nectarine side culture
Peaches and nectarines are delicate fruits that require a lot of care of planting the tree to harvest the fruit.
A fish usually plant in the fall. You must wait 7 years before it gives its first fruits. Flowering, meanwhile, takes place between the end of’winter and early spring. Peach trees are self fertile, so they do not require pollination to grow.
The peach s’So flourishes in a mild climate but can withstand very low temperatures, except during flowering as it does not tolerate spring frosts.
The life of a fish varies from 15 to 20 years but a tree produces fruit only 10 days per year. To overcome the shortness of the period of production and offer fruit throughout the summer months, it is common to see grow in
an orchard several varieties of fruiting periods shifted.
The nectarines and nectarines are two fishing varieties are characterized by their smooth, shiny skin. This is the kernel that you can differentiate them: that of nectarine adheres to the pulp while the nectarine separates easily from the flesh.
- Read also : Cultivate a peach and cultivate a nectarine
Peaches and nectarines, a little’History:
Five hundred years before Christ, fishing was already present in southern China. She borrowed the Silk Road to cross the Asian continent and reach the Middle East, Persia and finally Egypt. She finally crossed the road to’Alexander the Great brought it with him to Europe, where it is cultivated since the Middle Ages.
In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries, France became the center of this culture more thirty varieties grown in the gardens of Louis XIV including "Belle de Chevreuse," "Belle de Vitry," or "Teton Venus!"
At that time, the peach trees are grown in espalier supported with white walls that reflect the sun's heat.
Nectarine, meanwhile, appears in the French version of the sixteenth Fishing without a blanket.
Peach and nectarine kitchen side:
Purchase of peaches and nectarines:
Peaches and nectarines must choose the point because they do not ripen after picking. The fruit should be soft, skin be free from spots or bruises, and exhaling a fragrant odor.
Opt for fruit packed in crates with cells: they are better protected from impact.
Conservation of peaches and nectarines:
Peaches and nectarines are preserved in a cool place other than the refrigerator that destroys the flavors and makes the flesh mealy fruit.
Ideally, the fruit can be laid flat in a fruit bowl and eaten within 2 days.
Preparation of peaches and nectarines:
Peaches and nectarines are eaten with all sauces. Still, chew and enjoy them to the fullest.
Salad, they easily blend with other summer fruits. Cooked, it gives a gourmet touch to tarts, charlottes, pastries and crumbles.
Fried or poached, they perfectly accompany dishes duck, veal liver or crab.
Turned into marmalade, jam or sauce, peaches and nectarines are eaten throughout the year.
Read also: all fishing based recipes
Sources: (1) Agreste - (2) Kantar Worldpanel 2013 - (3) Ciqual 2013