Niwaki: it is the Japanese name for the size of the cloud trees.
Ancient art and complicated, this particular size to create symbolic spaces, representations of miniature landscapes in his garden, inviting meditation, is very fashionable.
Ideal for creating a Zen garden japonisant, tree size cloud meets certain principles.
The cloud size, reserved for bonsai?
Not at all. And even on the contrary. Indeed cloud size rather applies to trees and shrubs grown either in pots or in the ground. Of course, it is also possible to cut a cloud bonsai - not bridles creativity - yet it is the source not the principle.
Patience, discipline and perseverance are the keys to a successful cloud size.
You should therefore ideally start on a young subject. For more creative, it is obviously possible to dig a trench around the base of the tree to tilt it. 2 years later, you can uproot it slightly to address it again on the other side: in this way, you will create an original and graphically.
The principles of the cloud size
The cloud size is divided into four distinct stages. The first is to study the subject carving. Indeed, for an effective niwaki, we must study the existing structure of the tree or shrub, otherwise the size will be missed.
After much appreciated structure, we must "roughing" it cleaned and prunes the tree / shrub. Dead wood, twigs undisciplined, etc. are deleted. You will see at that point, your shrub or tree will already be more airy.
Finally, you can proceed with the separation of the masses that form clouds. For that you should rely on the size of the branches, their direction and the overall movement of your shrub.
Caution: To prune your cloud masses, requires having a small bonsai pruner previously cleaned with alcohol to prevent disease transmission, and cut small branches protruding from the cloud. But you will also cut by hand small shoots located below the cloud to give a pure line.
The cloud size seems quite complex, and indeed it requires thorough. But know this: there are excellent books that develop and explain everything there is to know about the cloud size. So if you want a trendy and relaxing garden, go for a ride in bookstores.
Cloud Size: choose which trees?
Japanese are fond and they lend themselves very well to the cloud size. Yew, pine, cypress, podocarpus, etc. are very good subjects.
But of course, you can also try it on other types of trees as subjects homegrown: charms, holly, boxwood and even why not glycine or cherry flower!
Be creative and imaginative: the only trees that do not lend themselves to Niwaki are upright trees such as cypress or birch stricta.