Identify the earth of his garden

Knowing the soil of his garden is important for successful crops. This helps to know how to improve and which species to plant it.

The earth is composed of clay, silt, sand and humus. The amount of each element relative to the other determines its nature. It can be clayey, silty or sandy. Texture, pH, its ability to retain water or warm depend on this composition.

To know it, it is possible to analyze a soil sample in the laboratory. Kits for sale in garden allow you to get an idea of ​​its pH and fertility. But a simple observation of color, texture and spontaneous flora (weeds) that develops there may be sufficient.

Clay soil

Easy to recognize is a heavy earth sticky, which cracks in drought. Compact when you grab a handful, it can be flattened circle without splitting. The bigger the circle can be flat, the more clay!

Sow thistle, smartweed and thistle are some herbs that grow spontaneously in this type of soil. PH is usually neutral to acid. To improve it, often made compost and fertilizer inputs. Dig before winter.

Find our tips to fit your planting in case of terre clay

Silty clay

It is the middle ground, the average texture, good holding water. Fertile, it is neutral to acid. If you take a handful and you straighten it, it can not achieve less than 5 mm without fracturing. This is good soil, you can enrich and aerate by sowing green manure before winter.

Sandy soil

Light, crunchy, slightly sandy soil retains water and heats easily. It does not form a lump when you grab a handful. Sandy soil gives early crops, unlike clay soil, its opposite.

Anthemis thoughts and fields grow there naturally. It is a poor land, which can be acidic. Regular intake of compost and fertilizer will enrich it.

  • Find the plants ideal for sandy soil

Limestone or not?

To determine if your soil is limestone, pour some white vinegar: the reaction is more vibrant, more soil is limestone (basic pH).

Many plants adapt to a calcareous soil. Manure inputs and burial of green manure help to improve it.

Laure Hamann