Citrus fruits are very beautiful fruit trees originating’Asia and reported by the Arabs in Europe.
At’Like the’orange tree, the lemon or the kumquat, they mostly evergreen and grows in the ground and in the regions mild winter climate.
Grown in Mediterranean region, are found growing on our terraces and in our gardens, making it one of trendiest plants currently.
C’is thus that’we find increasingly tray in the northern regions, provided that they can be bring to’frost during’winter.
The main citrus growing home:
It is found citron, l’orange tree, the mandarin or the pomelo gives grapefruit.
Increasingly, we find the kumquat, also known as fortunella margarita which gives pretty berries to taste.
Finally, the only citrus fruit that can be grown in’inside’a house or’a heated apartment l’winter is the calamondin.
What is the most suitable climate for citrus?
Regions bordering the sea Mediterranean are particularly well situated for the citrus.
This allows them in the open ground without too much risk.
Further north, if you live in a area where it will not freeze, they can be planted in the ground, provided that’they are well sheltered from the wind and in a place largely sunny.
S’it freezes in your area, prefer container gardening or tray and enter your citrus in unheated conservatory for example, which will keep a certain freshness l’winter, but that will protect them from frost.
Culture potted citrus plant as of’Inside:
the most suitable variety for cultivation d plant’inside is the calamondin, c’d is an orange’Inside that can stay in the same room throughout the’year.
Growing in pots and plant d’internal to the other citrus poses no particular problem on condition that’they are stored in a cooler room during’winter.
- When repotting, do not hesitate to put a layer of 2-3 cm clay pebbles or gravel to improve drainage.
This prevents the roots stagnate in moisture.
- Far as possible from your citrus from heaters and heat. This would tend to dry it.
- Install your citrus with the best possible light but no direct sun.
- Remove the jars in the late frosts in May in general.
Find our best tips to maintain your potted citrus, lemon and orange. For other citrus fruits, be aware that tips to follow are almost the same.
- Potted orange, know
- Potted lemon tree, know
- Avoid water reserve tanks (always to keep the roots in stagnant water) and prefer the bed of beads’clay or gravel mentioned above.
- Water regularly when the soil is dry, but without excess. We often speak of a watering every two days in summer and 1 to week in winter
- On fertilization, you can bring a special citrus organic fertilizer 1-2 times a month.
Fruit and citrus fruiting period:
Citrus fruiting from November to May except the lemon tree that can give all the lemons’year.
Indoors, fruiting is much more difficult. But’experience you gain to maintain your citrus will ultimately help you improve and get fruit.
Multiplication best suited for citrus fruit:
You can do both at cuttings that’a layering (To be done in the month’August)
When to prune citrus?
Approximately every 2 years, the month of March.
Do a light pruning to reinvigorate your citrus.
- Ventilate the center to promote the passage of light
- Reduce the size of branches’approximately 1 to 2 eyes.
Common diseases and pests in citrus:
- Scale insects: Fight and bio treatment
You can also:
- The culture of’orange tree
- The culture of mandarin (Or clementine)
- The culture of kumquat
- Rust: frequent diseases of citrus