The fennel or foeniculum vulgare (dulce to form the’we consume) is a biennial plant (grown as an annual) in aniseed flavor.
This native aromatic vegetable Mediterranean and Caucasus belongs to the family Apiaceae (Umbelliferae) and reaches 80 cm.
- Gardening cultivate fennel
Fennel: for the record
The Assyrians and Babylonians used the fennel to calm upset’stomach. Later, they recognized him diuretic and is advised for people with stones and bladder pain.
In the Middle Ages, l’School of Salerno, advocated for its carminative benefits...
Fennel and its health benefits
- As’anise, coriander and caraway, fennel is part of the "four hot seed", it is digestive, carminative and galactogenic (Active milk flow). Fennel promotes contractions, activates the secretion of digestive glands and frankly fight well against flatulence.
- Folk medicine recommends fennel seeds for breastfeeding mothers, they promote lactation.
- Poultice, fennel leaves soothe engorgement of the breasts lactating women.
- The root of fennel stimulates’appetite. It is also diuretic. It effectively fights against retention’water : Ankles, legs, feet, eyelids or belly swollen. We recognize its benefits to all parts of the body affected by the retention’water.
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- Internal use:
Fennel is an aromatic plant that Provence is particularly fond. Fennel delicately perfumes fish, olives and snails. Finely chopped on dishes difficult to digest, the leaves help assimilate them.
Fennel root decoction: 20 to 30 g per liter of root’water, as diuretic or open the’appetite.
Infusion of fennel seeds: use 15 to 30 g of seed per liter’boiling water. Consuming a cup after each meal. It is also possible to prepare a stimulating wine by macerating 15 days 30 to 50 g of seed per liter. Drinking at the time of the great meals help digestion and promote lactation.
- External use:
Poultices of crushed fennel leaves or compresses soaked in a concentrated decoction of leaves. Against the engorgement of the breasts.
To fennel, sun and heat are required. Moreover, fennel appreciate light soils, humus and fresh but never waterlogged’water.
- Gardening cultivate fennel
When your repiquerez fennel, consider praliner plants in an organic fertilizer based mud’algae and manure.
For multiplication, Sow under glass in March-April or sow in place from May to July. Thin out to 20 cm.
Culture fennel pot n’is not really recommended. It proves to be less vigorous and has trouble pommer.
Beware of little beasts!
You just have to watch out for aphids.
Species and varieties of fennel
- "Zela Fino" very early.
- "Crystal": supports sowing directly in the ground.
- "Rudy F1" very productive for’summer.
- "Fino" Selma race, productive in any season.
- The bitter fennel, Foeniculum vulgare: used as a condiment or plant of’ornament.
Fennel in the kitchen
Fresh or dried fennel leaves gently to flavor fish, salads and sauces. We consume raw or cooked (braised or steamed) the bulb of fennel.
- Use the ups Fennel to make the simplest of salads divine.
- Developed the leaves Fennel are eaten as a vegetable.
- The fennel rods : They also eat when they are young and tender.
- The fennel flowers have a warm, sweet flavor. It s’uses it to flavor dishes and prepare for’excellent teas digestive properties.
- The fennel seeds They are a condiment not to be missed. In Indian restaurants, it offers at the end of the meal for digestion and’breath.
Intakes of fennel:
25 kcal / 100g. Fennel is appetizer and diuretic. It contains potassium, calcium, fiber, carotene, and vitamins A, B, C, E, B9. In tea, it promotes sleep.
Some synonyms of "fennel" ... To shine in society!
As he is nicknamed "anise France", "anise Paris", "sweet dill", "Florence fennel" "fennel d’Italy '.