Garden flower lilies are often used in the landscape design for garden decoration. Lilies are bulb plants. You can pick up lilies which start blooming in June and last for 3 months.
What kinds of lilies are the most popular for gardens?
Asiatic Lilies come from the family Liliaceae.
Lily bulbs consist of thick short leaves, located near the roots in the shape of tile layers of light color. The stem grows out of a bulb, and large flowers blossom out on the stem. Some lilies have the shape of a flower that looks like a cup, others like a bell with inverted petals, and a third one that is funnel-shaped. These flower lilies are pleasant for growing in the garden.
Lily Martagon or gold-domed lilies are up to 6.5ft tall. Flower lilies are large, fragrant, and have a pink-purple color with dark spots. There are about 20-40 flowers, gradually opening, all located on the stem. They are not affected by soils. They love a slight semi-shadow, but can grow in the sun as well. The color palette of flower lilies is rich: lilac, brown, orange, yellow, brick-colored, and white. They effectively resist diseases and frosts.
Trumpet Lilies’ origin is China. These are white flower lilies with an intense fragrance. They bloom in abundance and aren’t susceptible to fungal and viral diseases. They are very popular with gardeners all over the world.
The flowers are very large, often with an exotic look. Flower bearers in oriental lilies may have a size of up to 16in, while the plant’s height is 6-7ft.
North American hybrid lilies are selected from the North American kinds Pardalinum Lilium, Lilium rubescens, Lilium canadense and others. Taking into account the various conditions necessary for growing, they are hard to classify according to the conditions for growth and their appearance. Regardless, they certainly have the best qualities:
have an unusual coloring,
delicate flower shape,
resistant to diseases and frosts.
All kinds of lilies have plenty of hybrids.
To plant lily bulbs, choose a hybrid most suitable for growing in your garden. Many hybrids of lilies can be grown in various, even cold climatic zones, leaving you worry free for their safety in the winter.
What do all lilies have in common?
The conditions, under which lilies develop properly, bloom well, and are not affected by diseases.
Where is the best place to grow lilies?
All lilies are better to grow in a well-ventilated area, protected from wind. Wet air contributes to the development of plant disease.
The lighting of the area depends on what kind of lilies you will grow. Hybrids of trumpet lilies love the sun; Asiatic hybrids may grow not only in the sun, but also in slight semi-shadow as well.
The hybrids of oriental lilies will grow the best in a semi-shadow.
North American hybrids may be grown in any garden in zones 3-10 as long as they are adjusted to various growingconditions. In warm climatic zones, put lily bulbs into the fridge for 3 months to create cold conditions in certain periods. You may pick up the kind suitable for your climatic zone without losing the beauty of your lilies.
How do you plant lily bulbs?
Many lilies are particular about soil composition. Hybrids of Asiatic lilies grow well in low acid soils, hybrids of trumpet lilies in alkaline or neutral soil.
All lilies require air-penetrable soil with a low level of soil water. Lily bulbs die from water stagnation. They grow the best in loamy and sandy-loam fertile soils, free of weeds.
Preparing a place for planting lily bulbs
The soil is dug up a month before planting the lily bulbs with the depth of at least 1ft. Compost, which is mixed with the top layer of the soil, is added.
If the soil doesn’t meet the requirements necessary for the lilies, sand is added to the argillaceous soil and peat to the sandy soil. Either way, compost or bone flour is added, and well mixed with the soil.
Planting lily bulbs
Lilies spread with seeds, bulbs’ scales, stems, leaves, and small stem bulbs.
Usually lily bulbs are planted in the autumnwhen the temperature is 60F, a few weeks before the frosts. Before planting lilies, you may sprinkle some sand in the hole to improve the soil drainage. Lily bulbs are placed strictly vertically in the depth two times the size of the bulb. The spike (the point of growth) must be directed upwards, and the bottom, with the roots downwards. Cover the bulb with the prepared soil.
Compact the soil with hands and water.
Remember that excess water has a negative influence on the lily bulbs.
Late blooming lilies need to be watered before they bloom if the climate is dry.
Mulch the soil around lilies. This causes lily bulbs not to overheat and the soil will not grow weeds. Mulch preserves the necessary moisture.
We hope you grow the most beautiful lilies in your garden.