Drought-resistant plants (for example,carnations) are always beneficial for growing in the garden. You don’t have to spend your resources and time for daily watering. Drought-resistant plants may be grown regularly in the garden and you don’t even have to spend money on appliances for watering.
Carnation is one of these drought-resistant plants. It derives from the family Caryophyllaceae. There are more than 350 species of this plant.
Garden carnation (Dianthus Caryopfyllus), sweet william (Dianthus barbatus asiaticus), Chinese carnation (Dianthus cbinensis), pinnate carnation (Dianthus Plumarius) are the most popular options for home gardens.
Some species of carnation are perennial plants, while others are grown as annuals or biennials. Carnation propagates with seeds. They may be grown both in the edging and rock garden. They are suitable for bouquet cutting. These drought-resistant plants in the garden are all-purpose. Carnation requires light. Many of its species are frost-resistant.
Ornamental “sweet William”has narrow leaves, small and dense inflorescences of various coloring.
This is a biennial plant, which during the first year creates a rosette of leaves. During the next year, the sweet william blooms. Sweet william may propagate with self-seeding or shifters,causing it to grow and bloom for a few yearsin one place. If a few kinds of sweet william are planted in one flower-bed, in the next year, you will not be able to distinguish between them. Cross pollination brings absolutely unpredictable results. Sweet william is grown in the garden in zones 5 9. According to certain information, sweet William can tolerate the frosts of the zone 4.
Another kind is garden carnation Dianthus caryophyllus, a perennial plant.
A bush of garden carnations reaches 32 inches. The leaves are long, narrow, and grey- green.. The flowers can be up to 2 inches in diameter. It starts blooming in June and blooms until mid autumn. Various colors of the garden carnation allows for making group plantings of a one-of-a-kind in the garden. As a perennial, the carnation may be grown in zones 8-10.
Carnation pinnate looks attractive. This is an herbaceous perennial up to 1 ft tall. Carnation pinnate starts blooming in June. The duration of blooming is less than 1 month. In the garden, where the pinnate carnation is blooming, a pleasant fragrance, from its flowers, is spread. It has numerous variations which differ in their coloring. Pinnate carnation is frost-resistant. It’s planted in zones 3 9; it is grown easily from the seeds. At present, there are many hybrids of these drought-resistant plants. Double carnation with more than 40 petals can be grown. There are carnations with plenty of simple or double flowers on one stem. When cut, the carnation preserves its fresh look for a long time and remains attractive in any composition. Additionally, it has a pleasant, tender fragrance.
Chinese carnation (Dianthus cbinensis) is popular.
This is a perennial plant that hasrecently developed many hybrid forms. In the southern regions, the Chinese carnation is a perennial plant, but in the northern regions it’s grown as an annual. The Chinese carnation can’t tolerate frosts.
A little bush of Chinese carnation grows 16 28 inches tall. The flowers of Chinese carnation are large, without any smell on the long straight stems. The colors may include white, red, dark Bordeaux, Bordeaux, and pink.
There are also dwarf Chinese carnations. Their height i is 6 inches at most. A Chinese carnation may be planted for the curb mount. Carnations may be grown in a container.
How do you plant carnations in the garden?
For all the kinds of carnations, planting and growing conditions are quite similar.
Carnation prefers sunny lawns that are protected from strong wind. Some species of carnation, for example, the sweet William, can grow in a semi-shadow.
The soil for the carnation is fertile, alkaline with lime admixture. The soil acidity is рН 6.8. Carnation may be grown in loam and sandy-loam drained soils.
Carnation doesn’t tolerate argillaceous soils. In these soils, the plant’s growth slows down, and in swampy soils, it dies. If your soil is acidic, add lime for better growth and blooming, and fertilize the soil with compost.
The seeds are sown in a depth of 1 inch in the spring, when the air temperature is stable, not below 59F. The distance between the plants must be 6-8 inches. After the seeds are covered with the soil, water the soil carefully. The seeds will sprout in 2-3 weeks.
Perennial carnations propagate in the sand with cuttings up to 6 inches. There should be no less than 2 interstices on the cutting. The leaves must not touch the sand. A cutting is covered with a transparent film that is removed periodically during the day for airing. Within a month, the roots must grow out. A young plant is then replanted to its permanent location.
Tips on growing carnations:
The carnation doesn’t like much water. Adult bushes of carnations are watered in the case of a stable drought, in which the soil dries up to 2 inches in depth.
Carnation doesn’t like nitrous fertilizers. It’s better to fertilize carnation with compost, such as rot manure (better from horses and cows). Mineral fertilizers for blossoming plants are used before blooming.
A lack of nitrogen leads towards doubleness decay and its excess towards diseases.
The stems with flowers that have already finished blooming are cut, leaving 4 inches above the soil surface, and the plant is fertilized to stimulate the blooming of the bush.
The mulching of the soil in the garden around the carnation bushes is not required.