To be decorative and continuously blooming rose bushes require your attention and care. So what does the care of rose bushes consist of?
Maintenance of soil around rose bushes
Rose roots do not go deep into the soil. That is why it is important to keep the soil around rose bushes free of weed. Loose soil around rose bushes favors better growth and bloom. Loosening should be done to the depth of 4’’. Frequent soil loosening helps decrease costs on watering the flowers. Intense care of rose bushes is required during the period of growth and bloom. Always remove faded flowers and damaged twigs. In fall, when the plant needs rest, loosening, fertilizing and watering, all procedures should be done more rarely.
Watering rose bushes
Rose do not like water, but it still needs regular watering. You can always know if the watering is needed looking at the condition of the soil. The need of rose bushes for watering is changing during growth and bloom periods. When it starts to grow, the leaves and shoots crop up, and watering should be done more often. Same amount of water is needed after first bloom, when new shoots appear and buds arise. Substantial watering should be made into the root hole. It is desirable to make it in the morning when the sun does not burn the leaves of the plant. Overhead irrigation is not efficient; in addition, it requires more water. If you water rose bushes in the afternoon, leaves should have time to get dry until the night comes. It is done in order to not let the excess humidity provoke fungous deceases during the night coolness.
Approaching to autumn, watering of rose bushes is being reduced to prevent formation of young shoots that will not become mature until autumn and can die during the cold period of the year. If the autumn turns out to be arid, good watering will give rose bushes some water reserve that will not let the plant die.
If rose bushes are not treated with fertilizer, there will appear long shoots with scraggy flowers, often without a double.
For the first time fertilizer should be applied in summer when the plant has just started growing and begins to open the leaves.
Remove a thin layer of soil around the plant and spread the fertilizer that contains 2 portions of phosphorus, 1 portion of potassium and 1 portion of nitrogen. Then cover the fertilizer with thin layer of earth. During watering the fertilizer will slowly dissolve penetrating to the roots of the rose. There is another way of rose fertilizing using readymade liquid fertilizers. Dilute them according to the instructions written on the packing and pour it on the soil around the rose bushes.
When first buds will appear, the rose needs to be dosed. Good dosing can be done by spraying fertilizers mixed with water. Through its leaves rose gets nutrients that penetrate to every part of the plant. You can use this way for young rose bushes that are not well developed and for mature bushes that were transplanted.
During the bloom dosing can be done once in 2 weeks.
The most important rule do not overdose the rose. Because lack and excess of fertilizer both influence the condition of the plant perniciously. If your soil is too porous, the fertilizers will be washed away from the soil quickly and rose bushes would not be able to use it completely. In this case, the dosing is necessary. If your soil is medium or hard, then the dosing should be done more rarely.
Before repeated bloom rose bushes should be fertilized again.
Never apply fertilizer to dry soil
In fall, it is very good to treat rose bushes with organic fertilizer: compost or manure. The fertilizer can be spread under the bushes and slightly covered by soil.
Do not fertilize the rose with fresh manure. Manure can be purchased in many places where there are stables. You should use decomposed manure as a fertilizer. Therefore, set aside a place in your garden where fresh manure can be piled for several months. During that time, it will gain the properties required for good organic fertilizer.
If you don’t have an organic fertilizer, apply the fertilizer with phosphorus and potassium in the quantity of 1 oz. per each bush. If you use special fertilizer for rose bushes, follow the instructions on the package.
Of course, rose requires much care, however, the beauty it gives to the gardener and people around it surpasses all efforts for its care.