Field bindweed is a perennial weed plant that is hard to get rid of. Every gardener has to deal with weeds in the garden. There are weeds which possess creeping roots. Field bindweed belongs to this group of plants. Bindweed has a branchy root. It penetrates the deep soil levels, absorbing moisture of the lower levels. The main root of bindweed may reach a depth of a few meters. Side roots with sleeping buds grow off of the main root. They are 1ft (30сm) deep.
If you cut such a stem, a few stems appear in its place. The cut stems may strike the root only in wet soil. The above ground part of bindweed is a bare curly stem that spirally twines around any support and reaches at least 3 ft 4inches (1 m) in length. The flowers are pink and white, about 2 cm in diameter. Bindweed propagates not only by seeds, but also by root branching. Bindweed’s seeds ripen in arid conditions. In the first year, their germinating capacity is poor. Seed germination in the soil takes more than 3 years. Bindweed’s seeds sproutall summer long. Wet soil is a favorable condition.
If you combat bindweed in the traditional way of cutting the aboveground part of the plant, this will lead to nothing. Bindweed’s root system forms plenty of buds in the place of cutting, and once they are sprout, the bindweed is restored. If you don’t combat the bindweed that appears in your garden, it will master the territory quickly, and become a malicious weed that needs to be fought with by agrotechnical methods, taking into account its biological survival potential.
Special features of bindweed’s life
The plant’s stems grow in the spring at the expense of the nutritional substances which are accumulated in the roots. At the same time, the root system weakens. The accumulation of nutritional substances in the roots occurs 2 times per season. The 1st stage occurs before the plant’s blossoming and the 2nd stage occurs after the ripening of the seeds. Usually this happens in the beginning of autumn, before the frosts. These stages need to be taken into consideration when combating bindweed.
Measures of combat
During the 1st stage, the plant is cut or pulled out before blooming. Then, herbicides are applied in the beginning of the fall, when the roots accumulate nutritional substances. Herbicide penetrates into the roots and may destroy bindweed.
It was observed that with the application of herbicide, the above ground part of the bindweed dies. Recurring growth of bindweed is more intensive with plenty of additional sprouts. In this case, bindweed doesn’t bloom. During this time, the root system accumulates nutritional substances. To eradicate bindweed, the repeated application of herbicides is needed.
Usually, herbicides with glyphosate in their composition are used. Experienced gardeners recommend the application of herbicides at the end of summer. In this period, their action is more effective, as nutritional substances penetrate the root system at this time. When the herbicides are sprayed, they penetrate the root system together with nutritional substances, and destroy the bindweed’s root system.
You need to be patient and combat bindweed systematically over a few years. After all these agrothechnical measures, the weed doesn’t sprout at first. Next year, weakened sprouts may sprout again. In this case, the fight has to continue. Cutting and applying herbicides needs to be done again within the required terms.
With the application of herbicides, the weed processing has to be done carefully in order not to damage the cultivated plants. It’s better to cover them with a protective film or screens.
It’s preferable to spray the weeds in hot, unwindy weather, as it’s more effective.
The action of herbicides will be evident only in a few days or weeks.
You should use herbicides in protective clothes, shoes, and a breather. Study the instructions attentively before you start the application of herbicides.
By following these safety tips, and being patient, it’s possible to eradicate bindweed and clear your garden.