Alstroemeria is a herbaceous plant. Its original habitat is the South American continent. It’s named in the honor of a botanist Klaus Alstromer. Sometimes it’s called the Peruvian Lily. Alstroemeria is a perennial that grows from the rhizome. This is a beautiful flower that looks like a miniature version of a lily of yellow, white, pink, Bordeaux or purple color with tiny specks of dark color on the petals. Alstroemeria is often grown to be cut. Flashy flowers are beautiful in a bouquet.
Alstroemeria’s bush reaches 3- 5 ft (90 -150 сm) in height. The flowers are quite large, up to 2 inches (5 сm) in diameter, and are gathered into big inflorescences, which appear at the ends of straight stems. The plant’s roots are spindle-shaped, 46 inches (10 15 сm) long. The leaves are turned 180. Alstroemeria blossoms from the middle of June until the middle of August.
How do you plant alstroemeria?
This is an adorable flower that may be propagated by seeds or rhizome division.
A delicately shadowed location, where the sun shines in the first half of the day, is chosen for planting. It’s better to choose a spot which is protected from the winds for alstroemeria. Stems of young alstroemeria are very fragile and the plant needs support to protect its stems from breaking in the wind or rain.
Before the alstroemeria’s seeds are planted, they need to be stratified. For this purpose, the seeds need to be placed in a cold, slightly wet environment with the temperature of 34-37F (2-5С). Prepare pots with soil and plant the seeds at the soil’s surface. Pour some soil on top. Afterwards, the pots in the plastic bags are placed in the cold. After stratification, sprouts should appear within 15-20 days. When the warm weather is stable, alstroemeria may be planted out in the garden.
Before planting, the soil needs to be fertilized because alstroemeria prefers fertile, drained soil, with sand admixture, moistened, either a weak-acid or neutralone.
If you grow alstroemeria from seeds, the blooming begins in the 2ndyear.
Alstroemeria is propagated with the rhizome division. The plant bushes out quickly, making it easy to take a part of its rhizome with a few sleeping buds, and plant it in the soil at the same depth. Alstroemeria may not blossom in the 1styear. Weak stems are broken out to let the rhizome strike the root and spread.
Care for alstroemeria
Alstroemeria is watered periodically to let the soil stay slightly wet around the plant. The soil must be maintained in a friable condition, without weeds. During summer, the plant is fertilized a few times with complex mineral and organic fertilizers. If the plant isn’t fertilized, its leaves become dull and light-colored. A healthy alstroemeria has dark-green leaves. A bush of alstroemeria must be mulched since the plant’s roots get overheated in the sun.
Alstroemeria in the Winter
The Winter period is an important stage in the plant’s life. Alstroemeria is a heat-loving plant, so if the 1stlight frosts don’t bring any harm in the winter period, it needs covering. In the fall, the above ground parts of the plant are cut off, the plant isn’t watered, the place is covered with dry leaves or other insulating material, and then with plastic film. A layer of mulch, straw, or earth is pored on top of the film. This prevents soil from freezing. If your climatic conditions are mild, alstroemeria spends the winter in the open soil. An adult alstroemeria is more winter-resistant than a young one. They can resist short-term frosts up to -5F(-20.5C).Alstroemeria may be grown in the climatic zones USDA 6b 9a without being covered.
Kinds of Alstroemeria
Hybrid types of this amazing plant have been selected. Himalaya has snow-white flowers. The plant is very large. The kind of alstroemeria Nadya has red petals and large flowers. N-Joy is an adorable two-color flower with pink and white petals..
Shakira is a decorative kind. It has large flowers of bright yellow color with a slight hue of green.
There are small alstroemerias. Adonis medium has a height of 6 inches 1 ft (45cm). This alstroemeria doesn’t need support. It has large bright crimson flowers.
The flowers of Brasiliensis Talldon’t look like any other kinds of alstroemeria. They are Bordeaux tubular flowers, located on large strong stems. It blooms from June until November. The height is 2 ft 6 inches (70 cm). Alstroemeria grows well in a semi-shadow as well as in sunny places.
The kind Evening song tall is very popular with gardeners. It blooms with dark-Bordeaux flowers with dark specks at the petals, which are opposite each other. The height reaches 2 ft 6 inches (70сm).
Alstroemeria is very ornamental. It can become the centerpiece of any garden.