A rock garden in your garden is indeed a great idea. Arrange it in a comfortable lace in the garden where you can stay alone, relax and restore your energy level. It should be of a small size. A rock garden is an invention of a landscape design, which spreads from the East, exactly from Japan, where the inclination towards miniature has been brought to perfection.
6 steps to the rock garden arrangement are not complicated and are easily available to any gardener, even to a beginner.
1. The choice of an appropriate place for a rock garden
Primarily you need to establish what size your rock garden will have. It can be a small hill with a diameter of one square meter. If you have enough space in the garden, it can be much larger. Examine your garden and choose a place not far from your house. It should be hidden from the strangers' sight as well as well-lit during the day-time. It is desirable that a rock garden is accessible from all the sides. The best way for your garden’s location, if your garden is situated on a slope.. A configuration of a rock garden shouldn't be of a regular form. It may be a triangle of irregular form with ragged edges or a twisted oval.
2. Rock garden designing
Draw places of the disposition of rocks and plants which you are going to bed out on a rock garden plan. The main requirements for a rock garden are the rocks themselves that you should make an accent on. Remember, we are actually creating a small piece of a mountainous area with peaks, rocky paths and brushwood in miniature.
3. Rock gardenbasementarrangement
Thus, as to draw off the excess of water by irrigation you need to set a drainage system in the rock garden basement. Remove the top soil of the size of your future rock garden. If this area is on the slope and the soils are non-watertight, then drainage is unnecessary. If not, then put small break-stone 4″ thick, above that put coarse-grained sand 2″ thick. As the next step, all this should be covered with humus and tamped. Unevenness created by rock garden design is achieved with the help of humus.
4. The choice of rocks
The size of rocks should be proportionate to the height of your hill. A big round stone will certainly look unnatural in a small space. The rock grain should be light and pored enough. Thus, it's good to use hassock or limestone. They absorb and preserve moisture, and this is favorable for plants of the rock garden.
5. Start rock garden arrangement
Mark the peaks, rocky paths, benches and steeps according to the plan. Do not mark the places for beddingplants. Start setting of rocks. The rocks arrangement is performed from the corner to the middle. Every rock is set on a 1,5-2″ thick macadam base. Each rock should be set securely; its base should be deepened into the ground. The spaces between the rocks must be filled with soil and tramped down carefully. Do not set rocks symmetrically or in any other pattern. The rocks should be set as if they were created by the nature itself. Do not use all the rocks, as after bedding the plants you'll need some small rocks to create an impression of plants growing through the rocks. After the soil shrinkage you can finish the rock garden arrangement with bedding of plants. The soil for plants should be of medium fertility and neutral acidity.
6. Choosing plants for a rock garden.
A rock garden is not arranged for just one year, so you should come up to the choice of plants for a rock garden seriously. Choose those plants which grow slowly and have a rather compact head. It is recommended to plant evergreen dwarf plants. For instance, dwarf cedars, Hinoki cypresses, and Tupolisty cypresses will work perfectly. For a small rock garden even dwarf woody plants will be too big. That is why if you intend to plant an evergreen plant, place it near the rock basement. Preferably, if ithas a form of a pyramid. It shouldn't obstruct the view of other elements of the rock garden. Solitary short-growing chrysanthemums will look quite originally. While choosing plants for a rock garden keep to one color range of green plants. This can be dark-green, silver, blue or turtle green shades. As a rule of thumb, flowers should also be small and match each other. If you bed out two-colored plants, the greenery of other plants will supplement them and the rock garden will have more or less finished appearance.
7. Bedding of plants.
The plants are located in such a way so that they do not mask the rocks set in a rock garden. Hollow areas between the rocks should be filled with the cover plants. You can also plant small bulbiferous plants, which will create a vision of Alpine meadows between the cover plants during the blooming time. The bedding of plants interchanges with the setting of small rocks. After finishing the bedding you should cover the laces without covering plants with the mulch of macadam. It is necessary to select the color of mulch matching that of the rocks in the rock garden. Besides its main function, the mulch adds ornamental motif to the rock garden.
In such way you can build a rock garden with your own hands. Your garden should be unique and reflect your own personality. It will be an ideal recreation, relaxation and meditation place for you and your entire family.