6 Steps to Create a Zen Garden


Zen GardenThe practice of creating sand gardens came to us from Japan where stone was worshiped in ancient times. Rocks and stones bring powerful symbolism to a zen garden. Each element in the zen garden is symbolic; stones represent mountains, sand represents water, and moss represents islands. When looking at thegardeninJapanesestyle, even if you do not understand the spirit of created garden, you still sense the harmony of nature and a certain image, unusual and sophisticated in its simplicity. Japanese garden desires you to think about eternal beauty and loftiness of the surrounding world and suggests the way towards enlightenment. You begin to think about the sense of life unconsciously and incline towards meditation step by step. No wonder, as thegarden in Japanesestyle was created in monasteries and temples. They usually were small, you could contemplate them in the distance. The history ofzen gardencounts at least a thousand years and even more. The Chinese gardens of Sundynasty served as prototypes.

Zen garden is often called a dry garden. They are created to divert one’s attention away from secular vanity, to relieve stress, relax and reach the inner harmony.

AZen Gardenneeds a special place. One of the best options would be a center or most visible part of your garden. Thezen gardenwill serve as a unique view that you can observe from your window.

Where to Start the Creation of a Zen Garden?

You can create it in your inner yard near a wall or a blind barrier covered with tile of torn stone or brick wall style patterns. This way youwill get an illusion of mountains and rocks. Another option is to create an isolated corner, fencing it with a hedgerow of box trees and conifers. You can decide on the size and location of azen gardenaccording to your taste and possibilities.

Step 1


If you have made up your mind to create asand garden, first, develop the location plan of every garden component that you are planning to have. Second, decide on the size. The size of the stones, green plantings and sculptures will depend on the size of asand garden. Asand gardenhas to be spacious and avoid accumulation of things, regardless of its size. Here you need to follow the rule: “It’s better less than more.” The less complicated azen gardenis, the more refined look it has.

Step 2

Make real marking out. Mark the place of a sand river or a lake and where you’ll place the stones as islands or peaks. AZen Gardensuggests greenery as well.

Step 3

clear the surface of the future Zen GardenYou need to clear the surface of the futureZen Garden. Remove the upper layer containing seeds of various weeds. If there are roots, they have to be grubbed up thoroughly. Flatten the surface. For a larger Zen Garden a concrete foundation is needed with curbs set around to make sure that while caring about the garden,sandandgravelor sand and crushed stones wouldn’t mix with the base and pour out at the surrounding grass or bushes. The curbs can be tiled with stone tiles. For small gardens you can simply apply curbs and ram the foundation.

Step 4The Choice of Sand, Gravel, and Stonesforthe Garden

You will need sandandgravel for yourzen garden. Sometimes instead ofsandandgravel, sand and crushed stones are used. Here you can choose different colors and types. However, sand garden canons dictate their own rules. Azen gardendoes not imply a practical value. It represents the world of enlightenment and meditation. That is why there are so many symbols in such a garden. White sand means purity. Before, it was used for a ritual, meaning “a pure garden free from dust”. Greysand and graveland darkerstones for garden, boulders represented a desert, mountains and dark valleys. A dry garden offered to take a detached view and hear the soul’s invisible strings.

Step 5

Having chosen the colors for all the garden’s components, you can get straight to arranging sandy water. For this purpose, the best choice would be coarse-grained sand or fine-grained gravel or crushed stones of homogeneous color. The thickness of gravel coating should not be less than 5 cm because after furrow marking, the foundation should not be seen through. In case of creating a pond, concentric circles may be arranged. You will need thin-toothed wooden rakes. For streams, lengthwise wavy furrows are recommended. Sometimes to emphasize wave crests, sand-gravel mixture of homogeneous color is used with quartz sand added for glitter imitating the water shine.

Step 6

Create a Zen GardenPlace single stones by the shore or in the lake’s depth. The stones are set as if they have grown into the soil deeply. If you have opted for 3 stones, it is very important to find the right ratio and set them so that they are arranged in a scalene triangle. If you view them from different points, there should be collateral subordination of secondary stones to the main one.

Besides, you may need some natural pebbles of 2 - 3″ size. They can be scattered at the shore, near the stones that are jutting out. Here everything is about your fantasy and imagination. You can place containers with bonsai trees or globe-shaped spreading pines on the curbs. Thus, yourzen gardenis completed.