With the beginning of spring, gardeners need to take care of planting the seeds of annual flowers in their gardens. Do you want to set new flowerbeds and curbs, to decorate the entrance to your house in a new way? The best flowers for this purpose are annuals. They bloom during one season. After seeds maturing you can collect them and plant next year in another location, creating a new look of your garden every year. Besides, you do not have to buy seeds every year, as you have your own planting material.
How to Plant Seeds of Annual Flowers?
There are 2 kinds of planting.
1. Plant seeds in the containers for annual flowers seedlings.
If you want to achieve early blooming, you need to plant the seeds in the containers for seedlings.
First, you should disinfect the container before starting to plant annual flowers. Second, you would need the soil and seeds. The soil you are buying in the store is already disinfected and can be used for planting. Next, pour soil out beforehand and mix a few times. This way you will eliminate the reproduction of some microbes, living without air access. You bought the seeds in the store; seeds are disinfected and ready for planting. If you are using your own seeds, you need to soak them in the disinfecting solution. You can use diluted Hydrogen Peroxide or Food Grade 8%, diluted according to the instruction. Then rinse the seeds thoroughly. After the sprouts appear and the time of light frosts and cold weather is over, you can plant them into the open soil..
2. Some annual flowers do not tolerate re-planting, afterwards they get sick or die at all. In this case, the best option is planting the seeds into the open soil.
This is done when a flower quickly enters the blooming phase. There are a lot of flowers that begin to bloom quickly and look appealing.
The seeds of different annual flowers grow under different conditions. Some seeds begin their sprouting in the light, but the majority of annual flowers are sprouting in the dark. Some annual flowers love the sun when sprouting, that’s why they are planted into the ground, but not covered with the soil. Instead, annual flowers are covered with a transparent material for the time of sprouting (with glass or transparent film). B The soilis watered to let the seeds sprout quickly before planting. The film has to be removed periodically to allow the soil “to breathe”. This prevents deformation of the sprouts. Those annuals which sprout in the dark are planted into the holes or furrows and covered with the soil. The depth of the planting and the distance between the seeds planted into the soil depends on the annuals’ size and its roots. It’s important not to forget to water the soil before planting. This needs to be done in order not to wash away the soil above the seeds.
The depth of planting of the seeds depends on their size. That’s why some seeds are planted with the depth of 0.5″, and others deeper. Everything depends on the type of the plant. You can read the recommendations for the distance of annual flower planting on the packing of the purchased seeds.
Seeds swell gradually within 6 hours after planting. Then, temporary quietness occurs which lasts at least 48 hours. Thereafter, out of the planted seeds begin grow sprouts themselves. After planting the seeds and watering them, the place of planting may be covered with transparent film. This is done to lower the evaporation. If you skip doing this, then frequent watering will be required. With intensive evaporation the temperature of the soil surface is lowering and the seedlings' growth is slown down.
6 Reasons Why Seeds Fail to Sprout
- Due to lack of water in the soil. In this case sprouts stop their growth.
- Not following of the warmth regiment may be a reason of slow growth. For example, if the seeds of certain annual flowers grow at the temperature of 21ºС and the given soil temperature is 16-17ºС the sprouts slow down their growth and appear 5-10 days later than expected.
- The soil acidity not appropriate for this annual may be the reason of poor sprouting of seeds. A plant is developing weakly in the soil not appropriate for it.
- The wrong seeds planting may be the reason. For example, the seeds need to be planted at the soil surface, however you have planted them deep into the ground.
- Some seeds need to be stratified. What does it mean? It means they need to be processed with cold temperature, i.e. put into the fridge for some time before planting. This will create the resemblance of the plants' natural conditions. Afterwards, sprouting of the seeds will be intensive.
- Soil overwatering.
- Water excess influences the annual flowers sprouts ruinously, because a sprouting seed can suffocate from the lack of air.
If you follow our advice, you can grow friendly young growth of annual flowers and create wonderful rest corners in your garden.