Which of you doesn't dream about making a rosary in the garden? Or maybe if you don't want a whole rosary, then just a group of refined roses beautifully growing on a dark-green lawn will do. All styles of landscape design have not left roses without love and attention. If you plant roses, you will make your garden only more exquisite. You will be able to do it by yourself if you follow our recommendations on planting this flower.
1. Create a plan of planting roses
Roses are perennial plants, which will adorn your garden for not less than 10-25 years depending on their kind. That is why imagine how your garden will look in the following years when choosing the place for these beautiful flowers. Find such a place in your garden, where roses will be provided with sunlight and protected from cold wind.
If you have decided to make an alley of standard trees, it is an interesting undertaking. The distance between standard bushes must be not more than 3-5 ft.
If you are going to adorn the path with miniature bushes of roses, leave the distance of about 1.5 ft between them.
You may decide to make a group of bushes in the back part of the garden. Your choice is to plant tall rose bushes. Such plants must be placed not less than 2-3 ft from each other. Each bush must be sunlit. If you plant bushes more densely, they will unpleasantly stretch, their branches will become thinner, and, moreover, it will cause plant fungous infection. However, thinned plantation is also not recommended: it will cause soil drying and weed invasion.
2. Give a soil sample to be analyzed in a soil laboratory
There you will get not only the result, but also recommendations concerning soil fertilization. Roses prefer sub acid soils rich in humus. Soil consistency must be light, for example, light loamy soils. Heavy clay loams and high level of groundwater are not suitable for rose planting.
3.Choose a rose bush
Choose such kinds of rosesfor your garden that will satisfy your esthetical taste. They must also be suitable for climatic conditions of your region. You can buy roses grown in nursery gardens with bare roots as well as roses in containers. Roses must have well developed and ramified roots. Stem thickness must be not less than 2”. Collet must have a bit thickened shape.
It is better to plant roses with bare roots in autumn. In this case, small roots will appear before light frosts and will help to survive during the cold season. Roses in containers may be planted in any warm season, preferably in spring. In this case, full-grown shoots will strengthen during the summer and pass the winter easily. Roses grown from cutting live less than the same ones grafted on a dog rose root. Besides, their doubling and flower size are 1/3 less. Such roses are of lower quality and are dependent on the soil fertility.
4. Prepare holes
Dig a hole for rose roots 8-10” deeper than the plant root system is going to be settled. The width of the hole must allow roots to be situated 6” from its sides.
Following soil laboratory recommendations, fertile soil with peat, compost or rooted manure and combined fertilizers for roses, if necessary. Stir sole firmly.
5. Plant a rose
Fill the hole with prepared soil to the 8” level and water it.
If the rose is with bare roots, it is necessary to cut damaged branches and shorten the stem to 12”. Damaged and spoiled roots must be cut to the healthy part. Remove latent buds from the place of grafting to the root so that they wouldn't grow. Soak roots in water for a couple of hours and then disinfect them in 3% solution of copper vitriol. If the rose is in a container, you must remove it carefully,saving existing ground clod.
Put a rose seedling in the hole so that the rose collet or the place of grafting were 3-4” below the ground level. Then cover the roots with layers of ground prepared for planting. Consolidate and water each layer. When you finish planting your bush, the rose collet or the place of grafting will be 3-4“under the ground layer. Cover the bush with the remaining ground. It will set after you water it for a couple of times. Therefore, collet or the place of grafting will be covered with ground during the winter season and will not die of cold.
Ground at the bush must not get too dry after planting. But be careful not to overdo. Excessive moisture is also harmful for rose roots, as it stimulates their rotting.
Follow our recommendations, and you will have wonderful roses, fascinating not only you, but your neighbors as well.