To successfully grow vegetables in a container, “simply select suitable plants” is the common advice often given. Indeed, both growing conditions and soil composition in containers differ dramatically from growing in the open and natural soil field. Additionally, the container’s and natural soil composition have differing characteristics. Follow our 4 advice to get effective cultivation.
Choosing plants for container gardening
Using the container for your container garden, you certainly want to grow as many vegetables as possible. This is a natural desire, since the compact planting saves a lot of space.
1. When planting, always follow the plant compatibility as not all crops are peaceful with each other.
Actually, there are those which may begin a fierce war for some living space. In this case, your container garden will not make you happy. You should create proper conditions for growing your plants together. You can even plant some flowers between the vegetables. After all, your container vegetable garden will be both useful and blossoming. Marigolds help in fighting nematodes, but calendula works like a cleanser, improving the soil.
Tomatoes are good neighbors for onions, while leafy plants such as lettuce and spinach are friendly to numerous plants. The point is that spinach, borago, basil, and tomatoes evolve with a biologically active substance called ‘saponin’ to stimulate the growth of neighboring plants. You may plant a nasturtium or bush beans next to the radish: it will be tastier, and its decorative bed will attract attention. As for tomatoes, they are able to improve the living conditions of peas, onions, leeks, and beans.
Never plant leeks or garlic next to the beans because they do not get along. The same is with tomatoes and eggplants. Remember that herbs like hyssop and fennel oppress all vegetable crops.
2. Plant vegetables which payoff fast and have useful effects
It’s well known that there are plants with long ripening and massive deep roots. This is not very convenient for container beds. Plants such as carrots, parsnips, and beets have very long roots, sometimes reaching 40 cm. Cabbage and celery are also distinguished by a strong root system, which is why they all need large, deep containers, and are not worth cultivating at all. It’s better to plant some small plants that grow on a small piece of land with a greater impact.
3. Use compactive planting
We’ve already talked about it. If you have decided to have cucumbers, then leeks, peas, beans, or dill will be good neighbors to them. The dill, for example, is able to extend the fruiting period. In general, plant all the large plants, like peppers, tomatoes, and eggplants, single but compactly, asqthey may interfere with each other. Tomatoes will only benefit from being next to leek, garlic, dill, basil, or coriander. As for peas, plant them near leaf mustard to better bear fruit. Do not plant tomatoes beside cucumbers, as they will die on the vine. Sweet pepper can be planted by leaf crops. You can also create a decorative container vegetable garden by planting mangolds with green, yellow, red, and white leaves next to a colorful lettuce. It will be nice and easy to care for, since these plants have similar growing conditions.
4. Soil for a container vegetable garden
This is an important stage in organizing a container vegetable garden. Indeed, your crop depends on the soil in which your vegetables grow.
Thus, the soil in the container should be well-drained, holding enough moisture, and fertile. You may either prepare a mixture yourself or buy it at the store.
It’s well-known that vegetables grow well in light loam and sandy loam soils. To prepare any of these, combine 2 parts of garden soil, 1 part of peat and 1 part of humus or compost. If the existing soil is clay, then add pure river gravel.
The important role is played by soil acidity too, as vegetables grow well on neutral grounds. In extreme cases, subacidic soils can be used because only sorrel bears with acidic soils.
Simply follow our advice, and your container vegetable garden will thank you with a great harvest!