As you may know acontainer vegetable gardeningis a wonderful idea, if you only have a balcony, terrace or patio. In case of high level of groundwater or depleted soil, you can also use thecontainer vegetable gardenin your situation. In such case, it’s better to grow tomatoes or pepper in thecontainer as well.
What do we start with in terms of implementation of this idea? You need some specific conditions for successful cultivation and fruiting of avegetable plant, and you can create such conditions fairly easy. Most of all, it’s very attractive and pleasing to obtain an environmentally friendly product which is also raised by your own hands.
Step #1: Choosing theright location for your Container
First of all, choose the location for yourcontainer. If you have enough space, you can even lay down several containers.This place has to be sunny, so your container beds need to be exposed to right amount of the sun for five or more hours daily.In such case yourvegetable plantwill grow properly without stretching and the fetuses will ripen timely. You may also try to remove containers in order to increase the time of sun exposure for your plants. According to the above you should put your containers into the wheeledcarts. In such case you will be able to move them easily. Thus, when thecontainer vegetable gardenis mobile, then it allows for proper sun light energizing of your plants.
Step #2: Choosing the ComfortableContainer
Select some capacities to yourcontainer vegetable garden. These capacities have to meet the needs of plants which you are going to plant. It is desirable that they are made of environmentally friendly material. They can be clay, plastic or wood. You may use polyester bags, other flexible containers or PE bags. You can use the most unusual capacities for planting. These are old buckets, pots, large cans and so on. It’s better to choose containersof light color; then the plants’ roots won’t overheat. The capacity must have drainage holes for runoff of excess water. Otherwise, the plants' roots will deteriorate; and the plant may die. Moisture evaporates quicker in ceramic and clay capacities, but they provide the best root respiration. But glazed ceramic, glass, plastic and metal capacities don’t leak the air; that’s why they must have drainage holes. The root system of thevegetable plant will grow badly because of the lack of oxygen; the plants pine away.Acontainermust be stable. Moreover it has to be of a proper size for retaining sufficient moisture between waterings.
Step #3: Selection of Container’s Size for Different Plants
The size of particularcontainerdepends on thevegetable planttype which you planning to cultivate. Various plants have different root types and structures. Some of the plants go deeply into the soil, when others locate closely to the surface. It’s a better idea to cultivate compact plants in containers as they don’t occupy much space in such case. Your plants can feel better when the width ofa containeris around 35 cm and of any length. It allows for planting of two rows of leafy vegetables and root crops, and more convenient care of your plants. You can have plants with different heat requirements in the container vegetable garden. In cold weather, you can move particularcontainers into the warmer places at any time.
In early spring, you can consider to plant rare ripe radish and onion for greens. Then, after harvesting you can plant fall radish and dill. Since rare ripe radish, onion and dill have surface roots the depth of suitablecontainershould be no more than 30 cm.
If you want to plant tomatoes, zucchini or eggplants, you need anotherkind of container. These plants require a lot of free space as well as the capacity’s size not less than 20 liters. It must be either a stablecontaineror barrel with some kind of support for tomato bush. We also recommend land sealing, where applicable.
Since roots of tomato, pepper, carrot, beet, eggplant, chard, radish and leek go deeply into the surface, deep containers are required.
Iceberg lettuce, spinach, cucumber, radish, parsley leaf, shallots, peas and cauliflower have surface roots.
Having these characteristics and preferences known, you are being able to make land sealing. Plants with different root systems absorb organic substances from various levels of soil and don’t compete with each other for vital resources. A tomato or an eggplant is cultivated in single planting. You can plant them with green crops, onions and beans.
Sweet pepper prefers to grow in containers of at least 8 liters in a single planting.
If you install acontainerfor cultivating vegetables in the garden, we suggest to use acontainerwithout the bottom. The advantage of this technique is in allowing your plants to grow in the fertile soil prepared by yourself, The soil under thecontaineris hydrated, so plant roots can easily penetrate into this soil layer. It develops full grown roots by using this additional moisture.
Thus, when done with preparing for the container gardening, you can begin to select plants for growing and mix components for soil fertility.