A climbing plant is always convenient to use in case you need to conceal some construction or to create a dense green screen that blossoms periodically and brightens up the garden’s interior. You can use lianas as an alternative to trees if you fix a few plants to support.
Lianas, even heat loving ones, can be planted in containers. This plant can be used to arrange green spaces on the balcony, loggia or terrace. This makes it easy so you don’t have to purchase a climbing plant that corresponds to your climatic zone. Not only will lianas bring joy with their bloom in the summer season, but even in the cold season you can take lianas indoors where they will spend winter under suitable conditions.
Climbing plants from the family of legumes are attractive with their leaves, flowers and pods with seeds, which can also be ornamental.
Exotic lianas of the Clitoria ternatea species are sometimes called butterfly peas. Lianas can’t tolerate light frosts.
This is a vast family of lianas, flowers and fruit which are consumed in the place where they grow. Flowers are used for preparing dyes. All of the plants possess anti-stress properties and are used in ayurvedic traditional medicine. Clitoria ternatea is a small ornamental perennial climbing plant that can grow up to 12 feet. Lianas usually grow in Tropical Asia.
Plants with beautiful single blue oblong flowers such as Ultra Marine and Legend, can be up to 2" long. Those with oval leaves on the sprouts represent tender and delicate lianas. There are Clitorias with white and pink flowers and even those with double flowers of a bright red color such as Blue Sails
How are clitoria planted?
Lianas are grown from the seeds and by cuttings in the zones 8,9,10, and 11.
Clitoria need well-drained and quite fertile soil, preferably neutral soil. Like many tropic plants, clitorianeed watering, but in moderate amounts. This is a fast growing liana. Clitoria grows well and blooms in sunny places, and can even survive in slight shadows.
For quicker sprouting, soak seeds in warm water for 24 hours before planting. They are planted into the soil at a depth of 0.5". Clitoria sprouts within 2 weeks. In a sunny place, Clitoria may start to bloom in 1.5 months after the sprouts appear.
Clitoria can be planted in a greenhouse in March to grow seedlings. It can then be replanted in the garden, but only when the temperature will not drop below 50F. In this case, you may see blooming in May. It will blossom all throughout summer until September. When growing in the garden, it is usually unaffected by the pests. If winter conditions in your garden don’t suit these lianas, they can be used as annual climbing plants. They can be also planted in containers. In the winter time, lianas can stay indoors.
Another more common evergreen climbing plant is Clerodendrum splendens. It grows in Western Africa. These tropical plants can only grow in USDA zones 10a-11 because they can’t tolerate temperatures below zero. Climbing semi-arboreal lianas have beautiful clusters of bright red flowers, 1,2" in diameter, with matching bright bracts. The flowers havevery long stamens.
They bloom in the spring and summer time. Clerodendrum grows up to 8-12 feet. It looks very picturesque at the single supports. Clerodendrum prefers sun or a slight shadow and a place protected from wind and moderate humidity.
It prefers fertile soil, either fertilized with compost, neutral or slightly acid. Clerodendrum loves irrigation and spraying, which protect the plant from pests. Between watering, the soil needs to dry a little. The soil near the plant should be preferably mulched. In the spring, clerodendrum’s sprouts are pruned, and dried twigs are removed.
If you grow clerodendrum in conditions other than the open soil, it is necessary to fertilize with fresh compost during summer
Spraying the plant with insecticides protects the plant from pests. In the winter time, clerodendrum requires quiet, which is why the temperature should be lowered to 50-59F. Watering is reduced and spraying isn’t applied.
There is another kind - Clerodendrum thomsoniae. It’s usually called “a bleeding heart”. It’s grown in the zones 10-11. The height of this climbing plant is 12-15 feet. Clerodendrum blooms with dark red flowers with white bracts. It’s a very beautiful climbing plant, both for a garden and indoors. The growing temperature is 60-65F(16-18С).
Additional fertilizer is implemented every 2 months. Mineral additional fertilizer with calcium is applied. Crushed egg shells can be used. In early spring, clerodendrum is pruned to stimulate the growth of new sprouts, where the flowers will appear. If grown in a container, it can sometimes be affected by an arachnoidal tick and farinaceous worm. In the summer, containers can be taken into the garden. These lianas resist diseases and pests better in the open air.