If your garden not large, then using dwarf trees for landscaping will create vivid compositions. They are compact and easy to care for. A garden path can be decorated with them, or a small group of dwarf trees can be arranged near a pond. Dwarf trees visually extend a space. This is why the Japanese garden style uses dwarf shapes. Thanks to dwarf trees, the real size of a garden is hard to determine.
Coniferous dwarf trees are very interesting to use for landscaping.
They look beautiful in a rock garden, can serve as the trimming for a sandy Zen garden, and look original near any main entrance.
You can come across dwarf trees that have pyramidal, spherical and prostrate shapes.
When choosing trees for landscaping, you may use the Canadian balsam dwarf fir kind Abies balsamea Nana, Hudsonia. They have a spherical shape that looks like a nest. Dwarf fir prefers the morning sun between the hours of 4 and 6 A.M and a slight semi-shadow in the afternoon. The needles are light-green but get darker with time. When the tree is 10 years old, the dwarf fir is 1.0-2ft tall and 3ft wide.
Winter withstanding and wind-resistant fir trees Nana, Hudsonia poorly tolerate high temperatures and drought. They are grown in zones 3-6. Their root system penetrates deeply into the soil. Fir trees love water and poorly tolerate air pollution. The soil for the dwarf fir is fertile, air-penetrable, moderately moistened, and slightly acid.
Coniferous dwarf trees are purchased in peat pots because their roots are too sensitive to re-planting.
Coniferous trees-symbiotes. This is mutually beneficial relationship between a coniferous plant and fungi, called mycorrhiza. Mycorrhizae twist around a fir tree. They help the roots to extract nutrients from the soil and the fungus receives necessary organic products from the fir tree’s roots.
How do you plant a dwarf tree?
The best time to plant it is in the spring. You need to dig a hole 20 cm bigger than the size of the peat pot. To fill in the spaces between the walls of the hole and the peat pot, prepare soil with peat and turf. If the soil is clayey, sand is added. When planting of the tree, level the tree as if it was growing in the nursery.
Care for a dwarf tree consists of regular watering (once a week) and soil tillage. Fertilizing occurs twice a year with a fertilizer for coniferous plants.
If you lower the regularity of watering for a dwarf fir, you increase the risk of an arachnoidal tick. A web between the branches, and a drying of the needles and branches indicates this pest. If the condition is not serious, the arachnoidal tick can be washed away with water, and pollination with insecticide soap should also occur.
One of the best trees for landscaping is a dwarf magnolia tree.
It can be planted in the garden along the path, near the patio, or in the stalls of the yard.
The Magnolia tree Sieboldii can become a wonderful adornment. It’s often called Oyama Magnolia. This is a small magnolia tree, reaching 15 - 20ft in highet, and up to 15ft in width. The Magnolia tree is leaf-shedding with spectacular flowers up to 5 in in diameter. A magnolia tree of this kind is frost-resistant. The Magnolia tree Sieboldii is grown in the climatic zones 6-9.
It starts blooming in the beginning of summer and continues until the end of July. There are a few kinds of magnolias which grow in Japan, China and Korea.
When a magnolia tree is blossoming, flowers give off a fragrance and the tree is speckled with large flowers. In autumn, fruits of an oval shape appear on a magnolia tree.
Planting and care for a magnolia tree
It’s better to plant a magnolia tree in semi-shadow conditions and expose the magnolia tree to the morning and evening sun for a few hours. The soil for a magnolia tree should be drained, low acidity or neutral, and fertile. The Magnolia tree can’t tolerate limy and salty soils.
Magnolia trees are planted in the spring. A hole is dug out 3ft deep and across. The mixture of turned soil, peat, and sand with the ratio 1:2:0,5 is poured into the hole. The acidity of this mixture must be рН 5.5- 6. With regular watering and fertilizing, a 2-year-old tree will grow up to 5ft. The care for a magnolia tree includes regular watering and the pruning of dead branches. The crown is thinned out periodically. The near-the-trunk circle is mulched annually with compost and peat. A Magnolia tree is better planted alone. The near-the-trunk circle is left without being filled in.
We have discussed two very different dwarf trees. These trees are very popular for landscaping. The design of your garden will can only gain from the planting such trees. A charming dwarf tree in a group of plants will give off a pleasant and fresh aroma in summer, as well as bring aesthetic pleasure to the eyes with its fresh greenery. The magnolia tree, with its fluffy crown, will provide you with an incredible fragrance and beauty with its stunning flowers, all summer long.